Inventory of the Trees, “The Shambles”

                          THE TREES at ‘The Shambles’ in 2018.

Key for historic reference notations to Plant entries:

“Catalogue of the Plants in the Queensland Botanic Gardens”. Walter Hill, Government Printer, Brisbane 1875.                            1. 1875

“Catalogue of Plants in the two Metropolitan Gardens, The Brisbane Botanic Garden and Bowen Park (The Garden of the Queensland Acclimatization Society). Frederick Manson Bailey, Colonial Botonist, Government Printer, Brisbane 1885                                     1A. 1885

“Designed Landscapes in Queensland, 1859-1939”, Jean Sim, QUT, 1999, APPENDIX G, referred to the following plant lists:

“The Flower garden in Queensland, containing concise and practical instructions for the Cultivation of the flower garden. And the management of Pot Plants in Australia”, Albert Hockings, Slater & Co, Brisbane, 1875                                                                     2. 1875

“Cultural Industries in Queensland: Papers on the Cultivation of Useful Plants suited to the climate of Queensland:their value as food, in the arts, and in medicine; and methods of Obtaining their products” Lewis Bernays, Government printer, Brisbane , 1883, (pp 201-207, The Shade of trees)                                                                     3. 1883

“Tree Planting for Shade and Ornament: Suggestions for teachers and others interested in the Planting of Trees” Edward Shelton, Dept of Agriculture, Government Printer, Brisbane, Bulletin 17, 1892

List: Philip McMahon, Brisbane Botanic gardens Curator     4a.  1892

        Ebenezer Cowley, Overseer, State Nursery, Kamerunga4b.  1892

        J S Edgar , Botanic gardens , Rockhampton                 4c.   1892

        William Soutter, Manager , Acclimatization society      4d.   1892

“General Catalogue of Seeds, Plants, bulbs, Tubers, trees, Climbers, etc.” Samuel Eaves, Howard, printer, Brisbane, 1897           5.    1897

“Queenslander” under ‘Horticulture’ section ‘Shrubs’, William Soutter, 18/12/1897 pp 1181                                                            6.    1897

“General descriptive Catalogue for 1874, of Fruit trees, Shrubs, Ornamental and forest trees, Etc. etc” Charles Wyatt, Frogmore Nursery, Geelong 1874                                                          7.    1874

“1896 Catalogue of Flower roots”. Law, Somner & Co., Melbourne, 1896                                                                                      8.   1896

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale by Michael Guilfoyle” Exotic Nursery, Double bay, Sydney 1851                                                       9.   1851

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale at the Victoria Nursery, Richmond” George Brunning, Melbourne, 1855                                                  10.  1855

“Report on the Progress and Condition of the Botanic Garden and Government Plantations, 1873”, R.Schomburgk, W.C.Cox: Government Printer, Adelaide, 1874                                                          11.  1874

“Botanic Gardens, Brisbane, Catalogue of Plants 1962”, Brisbane city Council, Brisbane, 1962                                                        12. 1962

“Federation Gardens: Plant lists, Compiled from Searl & Sons General Catalogue 1901, Seeds, Plants & Bulbs for Sydney; Pearce Bros.Descriptive Catalogue and Guide 1900; Robert Little & Co’s Catalogue of Flower seeds Sydney 1900: Rumsey’s 1882 Catalogue (Roses) Sydney 1882                    13. 1900/1

“Talgai Homestead, Plant Ledger, commenced in 1868-1907 by Ellen and George Clark. Additions after 1907-1942 George Carr Clark, 1945-1965 Bardwell”                                                                     14. 1868                                       ,Hortus camdenensis: an illustrated catalogue of plants collected by Sir William Macarthur at Camden Park, NSW, Australia between about c.1820 & 1861 / by Colin Mills     15. Camden

“The Garden Plants of China” Peter Valder, Florilegium, Sydney 1999      16. China

When looking at 19th century references gardeners were particularly interested not just in ornament, but in timber, shade and food producing trees. In our garden a tendency to collect and plant everything and anything has meant that tubestock planted in 1992 are now substantial trees. We have been forced to remove one or two.

Acacia concurrens (Black Wattle) Large tree, which freely self seeds and invades open areas. Prone to borer damage and loose bark and consequently favoured by local Black Cockatoos. Lifespan 15- 50 years. Eastern Australia 4a.1892 In Hedge Western Border

Acer palmatum.(Japanese maple unknown variety). This fully deciduous cool climate small tree has dramatic red autumn foliage. The dissected maple leaves and overall form making these a popular garden specimen. Alleged lifespan of sixty to seventy years. China, Korea. 1A.1885 (6 other species Acer), 13.1900/1 Central Shrub garden-Northern end

Agathis robusta (Queensland Kauri), Related to the Araucarias, with course leathery leaves, one of the tallest Queensland trees. This plant requires careful placement but may become a statuesque landmark. Estimated lifespan 300-1000 years.  Discovered by John Bidwill.  Almost certainly grown from material collected by John Bidwill at Wide Bay and probably grown in gardens before it reached Europe or was botanically described by Charles Moore. North Eastern Australia 1.1875 (Dammara robusta), 1A.1885 (Agathis robusta & 4 other species) 5.1897, 7.1897, 13.1900/1 South West Corner behind car garage

Alloxylon flammeum syn. Oreocallis wickhamii (North Qld tree waratah) A spectacular small tree with bright red waratah like flowers. Northern Border-Plough Inn

Araucaria bidwillii (Bunya pine). A locally endemic tree which may reach landmark size. The leathery foliage is quite sharp and difficult to handle while cones may reach enormous size and weight before falling from this tree. This statuesque tree has been planted in parks and gardens around the world. It was first botanically described by Sir William Hooker in the Journal of Botany from a plant taken to England by John Bidwill. William MacArthur sent detailed instructions on how to germinate seeds and drawings of its mode of germination in a letter to Sir William Hooker at Kew on the 11th of February 1848. Estimated lifespan 100->500 years. Eastern Queensland. 1.1875, 1A.1885, 4a.1892, 5.1897, 7.1897, 10.1855, 13.1900/1, 14.1868 North East Corner-Araucaria Walk

1A.1885, Brisbane reference lists 5 Araucaria, bidwillii, cookii, cunninghamii, excelsa, rulei. 14.1868 A.glauca

Araucaria cunninghamii (Hoop pine) A tall ‘pine’ locally endemic in south east Queensland. These may reach great size but cones are small and the foliage is softer in comparison to A. bidwillii. Introduced to Britain before Araucaria bidwillii exact date uncertain.1.1875 (2 varieties), 1A.1885, 13.1900/1 North East Corner-Araucaria walk, Western Edge

Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk pine) An introduced and popular landscaping tree with a more symmetrical, conical growth habit compared to local Araucarias. Introduced to Britain before Araucaria bidwillii date uncertain. Pacific Islands 1.1875 (A.excelsa), 1A.1885, 5.1897 (A.excelsa), 7.1897, 10.1855 (A.excelsa). 13.1900 Western edge, Embankment east of pool

Barklya syringifolia (Crown of gold tree) Beautiful small tree, with attractive new foliage and racemes of golden flowers. Slow growing, lifespan unknown. North Eastern Australia 1.1875, 1A.1885, 4a.1892, 4c.1892 Blue trellis garden

Bauhinia blakeana (Orchid tree) Pink flowers, ovate folded leaves, semideciduous, self seeds, a common street tree in warm climates. Apparently discovered aroun the ruins on the Hong Kong foreshore by French missionaries and named for the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Henry Blake. Brittle in wind and prone to deformity through epicormic regrowth. Estimated lifespan, 50-70 years. China 1.1875, 13.1900/1, 16.China Removed from Eastern Border 2010, but seeds back in.

Brachychiton acerfolia syn. Sterculia acerfolia (Illawarra Flame tree). Tall spectacular tree with maple type leaves, loses foliage and has remarkable covering of red bell like flowers, followed by seed pods in late spring. First introduced into England in 1824.  First described under the name Brachychiton acerifolius by William Macarthur and Charles Moore as part of the the New South Wales exhibit at the Paris Exhibition of 1855.  North Eastern Australia 1.1875 (Sterculia acerfolia), 1A.1885, 4a.1892 (Sterculia accerfolia), 7.1897 (Brachychiton acerfolia), 9.1851 (Brachychiton flammea), 13.1900/1, 15.Camden Orchid Walk

Brachychiton discolor (lacebark). Tall attractive tree with ovate pointed leaves. Beautiful pink bell like flowers followed by seed pods in spring. Eastern Australia 1.1875 (Sterculia discolor), 1A.1885 (Sterculia discolor), 13.1900 Tiny one Criss-cross garden

Buckinghamia celsissima (Ivory curl tree) spectacular flowering season, covered in cream-white flowers, can be maintained to shrub size, attractive new foliage. North East Queensland 1A.1885 central shrub garden, orchid Walk

Caesalpinia ferrea (leopard tree).  This genus was named Professor Andrea Cesalpino a 16th century Physician and Botonist from Pisa. Beautiful deciduous tree grown for its patterned bark, as a shade and street tree and a garden specimen. Yellow flowers in summer. South America 1.1875 (4 spp caesalpinia). 1A.1885 (6 species) Blue trellis gardenm, Araucaria walk

Cassia fistula (Golden shower tree) Untidy and forgettable tree when not in flower but spectacular yellow cascades of flowers make up for this in early summer. Lifespan up to 200years. Tropical Asia 1.1875, 1A.1885, 9.1851 (C.auranta) Driveway, west gardens

Cinnamomum camphor (Camphor laurel) This has self seeded into our hedge. Planted widely in the past as a spectacularly successful shade tree, these have serious weed potential in warm climates. Foliage has strong camphor content and odour. Lifespan estimated 500 years. Introduced to Europe in 1727.   Probably a very early introduction to Australian gardens, possibly with the intent of assessing its commercial possibilities for distillation of Camphor.  Edward Macarthur provided seed to the Sydney Botanic Garden in 1823. China, Japan, Taiwan.1.1875 (Camphora officinalis), 1A.1885 (Cinamomum camphora), 4.1892 (Laurus camphora), 7.1897 (Laurus camphor), 10.1855 (Laurus camphor), 13.1900/1, 15.Camden Within Southern Hedges of Privet

Colvillea racemosa Specimen tree, feathery, deciduous foliage, spectacular racemes of orange flowers in spring-summer. Madagascar 1.1875, 1A.1885 Blue trellis garden To be replaced Lost 2014

Cupressus torulosa (Bhutan cypress). A conifer with classical mature cone shape which was introduced into the garden after service as one of our Christmas trees. Introduced to Europe in 1824 Cupressus torulosa was part of a consignment of plants sent from Kew to Camden Park NSW by John Bidwill in November 1843. We removed two of these in 2012. Long lifespan. Asia 5.1897, 7.1897, 15.Camden Araucaria Walk

Cupressus glabra “blue ice” beautiful icey blue foliage, “Limelight” lime greenish yellow foliage. Coloured accent trees in a collection of conifers. Long lifespan 7.1897 (Cupressus glabra) Araucaria Walk

Cupressus cashmeriana One of these beautiful weeping foliage, grey-blue cypress has great structural interest in a conifer garden or lawn specimen. Asia 1.1875, 5.1897, 7.1897 South East Corner/boundary

Castanospermum australe (Black bean) A large eastern Australian rain forest tree with orange flowers followed by large pods containing inedible ‘beans’. Once a popular street or large garden specimen. Life span >100 years. Eastern Australia 1.1875, 4c.1892, 7.1897, 13.1900/1 Rainforest garden/North West Corner

Davidia involucrata Native to China, handkerchief tree was once considered to be the Holy Grail of exotic flora, and seeds were first sent to England by the legendary botanist Ernest Wilson in 1901. A deciduous tree from China, handkerchief tree is best known for its striking display of floral bracts in late spring. Its small, reddish purple flower heads are surrounded by a pair of large, white bracts up to 30 cm long, which are said to resemble dangling handkerchiefs or doves resting on the branches. The young plants exhibit healthy dark red shoots and take about ten years to flower, after which flowers are produced in most years. China. North west Corner garden

Delonix regia (Poinciana) A large shade tree, very popular for domestic gardens and street planting. Spectacular red/orange flowers in spring. Semi-deciduous in cooler areas. Madagascar and East Africa 1.1875, 1A.1885 (Poinciana regia), 4.1892 Removed in 2011, hadnever flowered after 20 years.

Elaeocarpus bancroftii (Ebony Heart) Named by Ferdinanad Von Mueller in 1886. North Queensland Blue trellis garden

Eucalyptus species are only represented by 2 species in our garden but in the borrowed landscape there are Eucalyptus grandis (flooded gum), Eucalyptus microcorys, Eucalypyptus propinqua and various Corymbias. Hill in 1875 lists 33 species of Eucalypt, most from Queensland.1A.1885 (6 species 3 from Queensland). 13.1900/1

Euodia elleryana syn. Melicope elleryana Tall growing tree , pink flowers along the trunk and stems in summer. Bird attracting nectar.Australia 4b1892 Northern Boundary/Araucaria Walk

Ficus species in 1885 Brisbane reference include F.aspera, bengalensis (Banyan), benjaminea, bennetii, carica, casearia, elastica (India rubber) , glomerata, laccifera, macrophylla (Moreton Bay) , nitida, pinkiana, parcellii, pleurocarpa, pumila, religiosa, roxburghii, sycamorus

Ficus benjamina (Small leaf fig) Large spreading tree with cascading branches to form an umbrella canopy. Long lifespan, popular landscaping tree for shade in parks and gardens. India and Southern China.1.1875 (24 species of Fig), 1A.1885, 4.1892, 4a.1892, 4b.1892 Rainforest North West Corner

Gordonia axillaris syn. Franklinia axillaris. A spectacular and hardy tree, beautiful large white flowers with yellow stamens which may cover the ground underneath. Taiwan 1.1875 Shading North West Corner/Coral Fountain (Drawing on page 185 by Kyleigh Simpson)

Gordonia yunnanense var. “silk screen” Similar habit and expectation to G axillaris, different leaf form, more erect form and larger white flowers. Yunnan, China Stone Circle/ South East Corner

Grevillea baileyana White silky oak is a medium sized tree with large attractive leaves with brown underside. White flowers are less spectacular than the golden flowers of G.robusta .North East Australia Central Shrub Garden, Northern End

Grevillia robusta (Silky oak) Endemic large tree, “A favourite tree for pleasure grounds”, Searl’s 1901. Spectacular display of golden flowers in spring. Evergreen but often quite dense leaf fall. Lifespn 50-100 years. Collected by Alan Cunningham and introduced to Kew Gardens in Britain in 1829 Eastern Australia. 1.1875, 1A.1885, 4.1892, 9.1851, 13.1900/1,15.Camden North East Corner/ Boundary

Inga edulis (Ice cream bean tree). Tall broad leaf tree which produces white flowers then pods with an edible pulp. Self seeds prolifically and has adopted a dangerous lean into an adjacent Bangalow Palm, splitting the palm in the preocess. 7.1897, 9.1851 (I.capensis, I.pulcherrima) Rainforest garden REMOVED WITH 3 LARGE PRIVETS IN 2006. SELF SEEDED MEMORIES REMAIN HERE AND NEXT DOOR PROPERTY.

Jacaranda mimosifolia Mauve flowers appear at the same time as the golden flowers of Silky Oak in our borrowed landscape. A popular shade and ornamental tree in domestic gardens and for street planting. Life span up to 150 years, Caribbean, South America.  New Farm Park, Brisbane’s Famous Jacarandas were planted in 1914 1A.1885 Just beyond Northern Boundary

Jacaranda mimosifolia alba and this rare species was introduced into Australia in 1960 by George Hewitt, a doctor from Bellingen, NSW. Dr Hewitt imported them from a collector in Florida, who had sourced them in Brazil, the Jacaranda’s country of origin. The Bellingen Hospital still has an original white Jacaranda on the grounds today, which is said to be the parent of many of Australia’s home-grown White Christmas trees.  takes the place of Tabebuia chrysora next to the driveway

Juniperus chinensis “Kazule variegated” A large conifer with variegated needles in contrast to other conifers if grown together. Introduced to Europe before 1767 and to Britain in 1804 by William Kerr. Asia 5.1897, 7.1897 (J.chinensis) 15.Camden East of Pool/ Eastern Boundary

Juniperus chinensis “Spartan”  This conifer is hardy and relatively fast growing. It has very dark green foliage, an upright, conical habit and produces small, fleshy berries. It is a very dense grower. Asia Araucaria walk NE corner

Juniperus procumbens alba Prostrate form in rock garden related to conifer area. The technique of combining various forms of conifers together has popularized the use of prostrate forms. 7.1897 Araucaria Walk

Juniperus squamata “Blue star” A compact conifer as a specimen shrub with grey-bluie foliage or to contrast with a collection of different conifers. Long lifespan Asia 1.1875 (J.squamata), 5.1897 Araucaria Walk

Koelreuteria panniculata (Golden rain tree) Known as Luangshu in China it was identified in writings as one of the 5 memorial trees over 3000 years ago.   Attractive deciduous self seeding tree. Yellow flowers followed by attractive pink seed pods. This tree has been used as a Queensland street planting but has weed potential. Lifespan 50-60 years. A hardy Chinese treelike shrub, said to have been introduced to Britain by Lord Coventry about 1763. It may have reached Russia before 1847. China to Korea 1.1875, 1A.1885, 10.1855, 15.Camden, 16.China Western Boundary beyond Orchid Walk

Laurus nobilis (Sweet Bay tree). Slow growing broad leaved evergreen tree well known for both the ‘Victors wreath of Laurel’ and as a culinary leaf. A very hardy tree. An important culinary herb, growing wild in Spain, Italy and France, cultivated in England since at least 1562. In Camden Park NSW from 1843.  Mediterranean.1A.1885, 7.1897, 10.1855, 14.1868, 15.Camden Fenced Rose garden

Liquidamber styraciflora Fully deciduous, large specimen tree with maple like leaves and rich autumn colour. Lifespan 200-300 years. USA 1A.1885 (L.styrachiflua) North East Corner/ Araucaria Walk

Ligustrum vulgare (Common or small leaf Privet) We inherited this plant in our old hedge with the house. Self seeds, suckers, and needs regular suppression. This hedging plant was used widely and is already at large as a significant weed throughout the whole district. Known in China as Xiaolashu (Small Leaf).  Commonly used for ornamental hedging in England and probably an ancient garden plant.  Associated with sinus irritation and asthma. Lifespan 30-40 years. 1.1875, 5.1897, 7.1897, 9.1851, 13.1900/1, 14.1868.15.Camden Principal plant of our very large Hedge, facing West/ Western Boundary.

Ligustrum ovalifolium syn.Ligustrum japonicum syn. Ligustrum lucidum Known in China from the Song dynasty (960-1279) as Nuzhen (Womens Chastity). It was introduced from China, about the year 1794, by the late Sir Joseph Banks (large leaf privet) hedge plant. Not only does it self seed, it suckers and infests garden beds. An invasive plant introduced locally as hedging, now choking local waterways. It gives our garden marvellous privacy and weather protection. L. ovalifolium Introduced to Europe by Siebold in 1845. Obtained for Camden Park, NSW from Kew Gardens, brought out from England by Captain P. P. King in 1849. It is Glyphosate sensitive. Lifespan 30-40 years. Japan 1.1875, 5.1897, 7.1897, 9.1851 (L.japonica, L.vulgare), 13.1900/1,15.Camden Principal Plant of our large hedge facing Western Avenue/ Southern Boundary

Macadamia integrifolia Large tree, free flowering and produces edible nuts in a hard kernel. These are used as one of the few commercial cropping plants native to Australia. Lifespan is greater than 100years. One of our large old trees is host to the epiphytic umbrella tree Schleffera, another is host to the strangler fig Ficus watkinsiana and many epiphytic ferns. 1.1875 (M.vesticellata, M.ternifolia), 1A.1885 (Macadamia ternifolia), 4.1892 (Maroochy nut), 4a.1892. Old shade tree references may refer to the edible M.ternifolia syn. M integrifolia) Near Back Stairs, Rainforest garden/North West Corner

Magnolia grandiflora var. “little Gem”, “Kay Parris” Erect small tree with large glossy leaves and white, perfumed Magnolia flower in spring and summer. The claim for ‘Little Gem’ variety is that it will not grow to the enormous size that M.grandiflora can reach. Introduced to Britain in 1734.  Lifespan 150-200 years. Carolina, USA 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 9.1851, 13.1900/1, 14.1868, 15.Camden Central Shrub garden

Morus alba. White Mulberry is a very widespread and important crop for silkworm feed, fruit and timber. The species is native to northern China, and is widely cultivated including in Southern Europe for over a thousand years. It is known as shahatut शहतूत in Hindi,Tuta in Sanskrit, Tuti in Marathi, Dut in Turkish and Toot in Persian in Azerbaijani and in Armenian. North west Corner garden

Morus nigra (mulberry) Well known fruiting mulberry tree, quite hardy, An important summer fruit, grown in England since the 16th century. Morus nigra was listed at Camden park NSW from 1850 South West Asia 1.1875 (M.nigra, M.alba), 1A.1885 (nigra, alba), 4.1892, 7.1897, 15.Camden Lost in the Rainforest Corner

Neolitsia dealbata (White Bollygum). Tree with drooping leaves native to moist forests north-Eastern Australia. Small fragrant brown flowers in autumn 1A.1885 (Litsia dealbata) Orchid Walk

Pittosporum rhombifolium A large tree producing orange berries. Seems to be deciduous in our cooler weather. Lifespan 50-100 years. 4.1892 (P.undulatum), 4c.1892, 14.1868 (P.hymenospermes, undulatum, whira) Stabilizing the “Plough Inn” via attachment with a large turnbuckle until 2012

Posoqueria longiflora Needle Flower Tree. Long tubular white flowers with distinctive night time fragrance. Grows to a modest sized tree in tropical areas and will flower throughout the year as long as the light level is high and the temperatures are warm. It has spreading branches and large glossy, deep green leaves. A somewhat slow grower, it forms clusters of blooms on the ends of the newest growth. Once established, it can tolerate varying light conditions and watering. The genus was established by Aublet in 1775 on material from French Guiana. South America  North west Corner garden

Pouteria australis syn. Planchonella australis (Black apple) Medium sized tree with black edible fruit to native animals. Lifespan >100years. Eastern Australia Rainforest Corner

Prunus cerasifera “nigra” (flowering plum) Black plum distinguished by burgundy/red foliage and tiny pale pink single flowers in spring. Fully deciduous. Lifespan abot 20 years China Front Path garden

Stenocarpus sinuatus (Firewheel tree) A tall tree with spectacular orange red flowers. May be pruned to shrub height in a garden situation.Eastern Australia 1A.1885 Orchid Walk

Tabebuia chrysotrica syn. Tabebuia argentus has grown to a significant size in the west or driveway garden at “The Shambles”. A trully spectacular display of golden flowers in spring is followed quickly by long seed pods. A snow of the winged seeds puts deep tap rooted seedlings appear throughout the garden every year and every year we contemplate whether this tree is worth keeping “To tree or not to tree? That is the question”….REMOVED NOVEMBER 2017 .Prolific seeding means there are progeny in surrounding areas

Schefflera actinophylla syn. Sciodaphyllum macrophyllum MacArthur.(Umbrella tree) Tall epiphytic tree, once very common in domestic gardens. Bird attracting tall red flowers spikes, spread by seed into bushland by birds. William Macarthur could have received this tree from contacts at Moreton Bay. Northern Australia 15.Camden In the top of Macadamia Tree, Eastern Boundary

Schotia brachypetala (Drunken parrot tree) Medium sized evergreen tree. Nectar rich flowers are very attractive to lorikeets. Ours however, raised from seed by myfather Earl Simpson, has refused to flower after 12 years. South Africa 1.1875, 1A.1885 (2 pecies) 7.1897 (S.latifolia), 9.1851 (S.tamarindifolia). Rainforest Corner

Syzygium (unidentified) various familiar names as

“Blue lillypilly” S.oleosum

“pink flowering”

“Small leaf lillypilly” S.leuhmannii

“Weeping lillypilly” Waterhousia

Syzygium: 4a.1892 (Eugenia smithii), 4.1892 (Eugenia ventenata) 15.Camden Northern End of Driveway, Northern Boundary, Blue trellis garden and Western Boundary

Tabebuia palmeri This is a native of Mexico with a rounded canopy. Has upright growth habit with attractive grey bark. Leaves are mid green and has masses of tubular bell shaped pink flowers in late winter to summer. Mexico. East boundary behind Quisqualis trellis

Taxodium distichum (Swamp cypress) Beautiful, potentially dominant tree, deciduous and very attractive. Introduced to Europe by John Tradescant in 1640. Originally received at Camden Park NSW per the ‘Sovereign’ in February 1831 under the name Cupressus disticha. A tree of gigantic proportions in its native country, where it attains a height of 120 feet, and a girth of 40 feet. Lifespan long, up to 1000 years. USA 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 14.1868, 15.Camden Plough Inn, South East Corner/Eastern Boundary

Toona ciliata syn. Toona australis (Red cedar) Deciduous locally endemic tree with attractive red spring foliage. Popular but almost cut out by the timber cutters of the late 19th century. Long lifespan. Eastern Australia 1.1875 (Cedrella australis), 1A.1885 (Cedrela toona). 3.1883, 4a.1892 (Cedrela toona), 4c.1892 (Cedrella australis) Blue Trellis Garden, Orchid Walk, Rainforest Corner

Tabebuia chrysotrica Fully deciduous. Spectacular yellow trumpet flowers, in spring, followed by a prolific amount of shed seed and the appearance of the foliage Tropical America Western/Driveway garden

Thuja occidentalis (Hertz midget) Slow growing small conifer for rock gardens or a conifer collection. In the time of Francis I, king of France [1494-1547], this tree was imported into France from Canada. North America, garden variety 1.1875 (5 varieties), 7.1897. 15.Camden Araucaria Walk

Wollemia nobilis (Wollemi Pine) Thought extinct, this rediscovered conifer from NSW has been widely sold to enthusiastic gardeners as a ‘living fossil’. An ancient lineage closer to the Araucarias. Lifespan unknown but suggests long duration once established. Australia Blue trellis garden Sadly extinct in our garden due to borer 2014.

Xanthstemon chrysanthus (Golden Penda) lovely yellow flowers on a medium to large evergreen tree. North Eastern Queensland. 1.1875, 1A.1885 Araucaria Walk