Inventory of Salvias and Salvia like Perennials inventory

Salvias, ‘The Shambles’ 2017

salvia-meigans-magic

Salvia “Meigans Magic”

salvia-oxyphora
salvia-oxyphora

Of all the plants we have which are easy to propagate, easy to grow and freely give such wonderful colour in sun and shade the Salvias stand out. Various Salvias have been grown in Australian gardens from the 19th century but the range of available species and cultivars has expanded greatly in the last few decades.

For Salvias we refer to “The New book of Salvias” Betty Clebsch, Florilegium 2003 as well as Newsletters of the Salvia Study group, Victoria for detail and expertly researched notes about these plants. We also refer to “Salvias in South East Queensland” by Barbara Wickes 2006 (revised and reissued 2012).

The 1875 Brisbane Botanic Gardens Catalogue mentions Salvia azurea, S. coccinea, S. officinalis, S. patens, S. plebia, S. pratensis, S. afracanus and S. splendens. The Brisbane 1885 Botanic and Acclimatization gardens included Salvia azurea, S.coccinea, S.fulgens, S.hoveyi, S.officinalis, S.patens and S.splendens Many of our perennial Salvias listed below were not mentioned in 19th century catalogues and according to Clebsch (2003) were not in gardens until the 1980s. The 1962 Brisbane Botanical gardens Catalogue records Salvia argentea, S. azurea, S. farinacea, S involucrata, S. leucantha, S. patens and Salvia splendens as well as S. splendens variegated.

“The Shambles” Collection of PERENNIAL SALVIAS 2017

Salvia amarissima bitter Mexican Sage. Blue flowering, in South rose garden Mexico South Rose garden, North Rose garden

Salvia hybrid “Amistad” Large dark purple flower spikes with nearly black calyx bloom constantly from early spring until winter. Fenced Rose garden

Salvia azuria (Prairie sage) Hardy perennial sage with sky blue flowers nd a lax habit. Southern United States. 1.1875, 1A 1885 South Rose Garden

Salvia “Blue Bird”     Blue  North Pool Embankment

Salvia chamelaeagnea  (mauve and white) Afrikaanse salie. South Africa, Cape of Good Hope North Pool Embankment

Salvia cacaliifolia Blue Vine Sage Chiapas, Mexico, and in Guatemala and Honduras, at 1,500–2,500 m (4,921–8,202 ft) elevation. It has been available in the United Kingdom for many years, after being recognized by William Robinson in 1933 (Royal Blue) North pool Embankment

 Salvia chamaedryiodes & S.greggii “Cookie” small shrubby perennial with the most intense azure blue flowers that sit out from the foliage. These appear right through from late spring to autumn. Very hardy to heat and dry and enjoys full sun, but can take half shade if in well drained soils. Raised stone garden Back stairs

 Salvia “Charles Sloan” pale blue flowers Raised stone garden back stairs Lost 2016 

 Salvia coccinea (red), Salvia coccinea (white), Salvia coccinea bicolor  (salmon pink and white), Low growing self seeding hardy short lived perennial. USA 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 10.1855, 13.1900/1 East Border Gardens, South Rose garden, Fenced Rose garden, Central Shrub garden

Salvia confertifolia Tall salvia with corrugated leaves and quite long spikes of small orange flowers with an orange brown calyx. Brazil. NE corner of verandah.

Salvia corrugata  Central Shrub Garden Lost 2017

Salvia curviflora bright pink, majenta flowers summer/autumn, South rose garden Mexico Fenced Rose garden, Rock garden

 Salvia discolor   Black/green flowers on a lax low growing shrub with sticky grey foliage. Peru  South Rose garden

Salvia disermas  White, mauve and white  South Africa  North West Corner Stone Circle

Salvia dorisiana This is a late winter-early spring flowering shrub which grows up to 2m tall. It has large velvety leaves which have a delicious scent of fruit salad, and spires of quite large hot-pink flowers. It can cope with a degree of shade. Fenced Rose garden

 Salvia “Embers Wish” Bright coral flowers bloom year-round in frost-free climates, or until frost Path, Next to Salvia confertiflora

Salvia elegans syn.S.rutilans. (Pineapple Sage) The Pineapple scented foliage is quite attractive. Small red flowers are bee attracting. North of house, near cloths line and rock circle garden. There is a close variant of this Salvia with more camphorated scent under the cloths line. Mexico North Rose garden, Back Verandah, Fenced Rose garden

 Salvia rutilans syn. S.elegans Golden foliage Pineapple sage South Rose garden

Salvia farinacea x Salvia longispicata “Indigo Spires” Vigous but low growing hybrid with indigo blue flowers Gate House

Salvia flocculosa   Ecuadorian sage (Blue) The flowers, which seem to never stop blooming, are strongly marked with white bee lines. Ecuador North Pool Embankment

Salvia gesneriiflora Tall rangy shrub with Red/Black flowers in loose spikes. Tolerates sun and part shade. Easily sruck from cutting Colombia NW boundary garden. North East Verandah Garden

 Salvia greggii “Pumpkin” apricot flowering, low growing shrub Fenced Rose Garden Lost 2016

 Salvia guaranitica Tall spreading clump forming shrub with clear Mid-Blue flower spikes in summer. Tolerates shade. Brazil North verandah and central gardens. Back Verandah, Central Shrub garden

 Salvia guaranitica x gesneriifolia “Purple Majesty”. A tall plant with the classic square stems and large serated leaves. Flower spikes are Royal Purple throughout the year but mostly in the warmer months. Criss Cross garden, Near Coral Fountain

Salvia holowayi Holways sage, purple-red Guatamala, Mexico Raised stone wall neat back stairs

Salvia involucrata. Tall spreading lax shrub with round stems. Large Pink flowers which are quite closed. Easily grown from cutting tolerates sun and shade. Autumn-winter flowering. Mexico 12.1962. Widespread, including Driveway, Front embankment,

 Salvia involucrata. Var “Bethellii” Tall free flowering shrub. Flowers better colour and form than Involucrata varieties. Autumn-Winter flowering.  Mexico, hybrid. Mainly north of the house. Central Shrub garden, South East Corner

Salvia involucrata Var “Bethellii” pale pink flowering shrub. This plant was acquired 2014 as a gift. Flower colour is definitely lighter and brighter than above. Fenced Rose garden

 Salvia involucrata “Joan” Tall shrub bright pink flowers. East Border gardens

 Salvia involucrata “Mulberry Jam” Tall shrub Mauve flowers Plough Inn North

 Salvia involucrata cultivar “Pink Icicles”. Tall lax shrub with large flowers of soft pink and white. Easily struck from cutting, hardy indry shade and on an exposed embankment. NE boundary garden NE Border gaden

Salvia involucrata “Romantic Rose” a Bright pink flowering variety. Planted gatehouse

Salvia involucrata “Warwick Joan” mid pink flower colour Stone wall garden near back stairs

 Salvia involucrata x karwinskii “Follets Folly” Red flowering tall perennial shrub. East Border garden, Plough Inn North

Salvia iodantha Very tall, spectacular shrub with clusters of magenta flowers at end of long arching stems. Easily propagated from cutting. Spring-Summer flowering. Mexico. West of pool fence and the fenced rose garden

 Salvia iodantha x longistylus Tall Salvia with flowers similar in luster to S.Iodantha but more mauve to pink in colour and less tightly packed then the S.Iodantha Criss Cross garden. Persisting but damaged and vulnerable 2017

 Salvia leucantha Medium sized perennial shrub with reliable mauve calyx and white flower spikes. Semideciduous. Mexico 12.1962. Central Lawn and borders.

Salvia leucantha ‘Midnight” purple flower and calyx. Semideciduous Front path garden, Fenced Rose garden

Salvia leucantha cv “Velour Pink” Robust Salvia Pink and white flowers. North Rose garden

 Salvia leucantha hybrid “Velour White” White flowers, white calyx on this variety with white flowers. NW corner pool fence. Lost 2017

Salvia macrophylla Larger heart shaped, stick, aromatic leaves with spikes of sky-blue flowers in summer. Columbia, Peru, Bolivia. Central lawn and Borders

Salvia macrophylla “Purple leaf” Like green leaved S. macrophylla Cobalt blue flowers Peru North lawn garden

Salvia madrense.  Very tall salvia with large leaves and square stems. The flowers are on long spikes of bright Yellow. Very tough and easy to care for but large dominating plant.Mexico Gardens east side of the house. East Border garden, Central lawn and Borders

Salvia “Limelight”   Cenral Shrub garden , Orchid Walk

 Salvia “Majenta Magic” Flowers on long wands carrying deep magenta flowers above a vigorous bush some 80 cm or so tall. It flowers from summer through the autumn into winter in sun or light shade. NE corner of back verandah next to Salvia confertifolia

 Salvia “Meigans Magic” grey tone in foliage. White flower in purple calyx. A very successful Salvia in our climate. Front path garden

Salvia mexicana (?var. “Lollie Jackson”) Dark blue flowers, Black calyx on a tall shrub with the classic square stems. Reliable easily struck from cutting. Mexico. Gardens east and SE of house.

 Salvia microphylla “Hot lips”. Very hardy in our garden, tolerating dry and moist shade. Easily propagated from cutting. Distinctive crimson-red margin on flower. summer flowering. Fenced Rose garden, Rock wall garden

Salvia microphylla  ‘Huntington Red’ is an evergreen plant, growing from 70cm to 1 meter and spreading from 60 to 75cm. It has a shrubby growth habit with many thin, but firm and upright stems. The striking dark coloured stems approach black in colour and show off the red flowers. The calyces are almost black North West Corner Stone Circle

Salvia microphylla “Miss Scarlet” low growing but erect Salvia cultivar  red flowers. Near Fenced rose garden

Salvia microphylla “Penny’s Smile”. Crimson pink flowers. Fenced rose garden

Salvia microphylla “Easter Bonnet” Yellow to pink flowers.  South Rose garden

Salvia microphylla “Angel Wings” Soft Pink flowers. In rock wall garden at back stairs among Plectranthus cultivars.

Salvia microphylla “Sweet Laura” Resembling S.coccinea this garden hybrid obtained from ‘Grandma’s Garden’ nursery in SE Queensland. Western end front rose garden.

 Salvia microphylla (heatwave series) “Glow” Glow produces mass displays of soft peach to apricot colored flowers. Raised stone wall garden near back stairs

 Salvia microphylla (“Heat wave series” Salvias) but with glossy aromatic foliage. Brittle stems. Red flower, black calyx. East of fenced rose garden.

 Salvia miniata (Belize Sage) Tall, apple green glossy foliage, bright red flowers. Easily grows from cutting, hardy in shade including dry shade. Flowers throughout the year.  Mexico. Central lawn and borders, NE corner garden

 Salvia namaensis x africana “Fingrove” blue flowering. Raised stone wall garden near back stairs

 Salvia officinalis low growing culinary and medicinal sage Europe to central Asia 1.1875 Only survives in containers for us

Salvia “Omaha Gold” (Variegated Anise-Scented Sage) Rumpled and lance-shaped, the spectacular leaves of this sage are yellowish-lime with splotches of emerald. Rub them and you smell anise, a licorice-like scent. The bountiful, cobalt blue flowers cover the plant from summer Central Shrub garden near S. oxyphora

 Salvia pallida Pale Sage. Tall, Oval leaves scalloped edges, pale blue flowers Argentina Fenced Rose garden, North Rose garden, North West Corner Stone Circle

 Salvia x “Phyllis Fancy” White and mauve flowers and purple calyx. Near side stairs in quite a shaded position. East Border garden

 Salvia pseudo nutans shrubby salvia of moderate vigour with pale blue flowers reminiscent of Salvia pallida Fenced Rose garden

Salvia oxyphora (Bolivian Hummingbird Sage), Tall vigourous shrub, Tubular crimson pink flowers with fine hairs Bolivia Peru Central Shrub Garden

Salvia radula         white flowering Salvia radula is also called Scrappy African Sage and is native to the botanically rich mountain regions of South Africa and grows at elevations from 1300 to 1900 meters. South Africa North West Corner Stone Circle

Salvia pratensis   ( Meadow sage Pink cultivar) perennial forming a basal clump 1 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall, with rich green rugose leaves that are slightly ruffled and toothed on the edges Europe West Asia North pool Embankment. Lost 2017

Salvia “Silas Dyson” Central Lawn and Border Garden. Lost 2016

 Salvia splendens, unnamed tall varieties of this perennial Salvia in our garden include a cultivar with mauve and white flowers, one with White flowers and Red flowering with variegated foliage, as well as one with White/Red. Many shrubs persist and can flower throughout the year in sun or shade. Brazil 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 10.1855, 12.1962, 13.1900/1.Tall Reliable Salvia in most areas of the Garden

 Salvia splendens “Van Houttei” A tall cultivar of Salvia splendens with red-maroon flowers . Tall and vigorous, strikes easily from cutting.  Throughout Central shrub garden, East Border garden

 Salvia “Superior Purple” small leaf salvia purple flowers Stone wall garden near back stairs Lost 2016

Salvia “Waverley” Medium sized reliable low maintenance plant. Flowers are white, pale pink to mauve calyx throughout. Spring and Summer. Vigorous, strikes easily from cutting. Near gatehouse and eastern boundary garden

 Salvia “Wendys Wish”  fast growing variety displays vibrant magenta flowers for much of the year (warmer months). East Border gardens

 Salvia uliginosa (Bog Sage). Sky blue flowers . Moderate height and invasive locally. Easily propagated. Spring-Summer flowering. East of gatehouse, front garden

Salvia wagneriana Tall, winter flowering salvia wit flowers of pink and white Central America. Just near gatehouse and driveway.

Salvia unknown from Donlens #1  Tall pink North Pool Embankment

Salvia unknown  from Donlens #2  North East Verandah garden

We have placed these perennials near the Salvia list as they compliment each other and do similar work in the garden design.

RELIABLE “SALVIA”-LIKE PERENNIALS .

Aloysia triphylla,( Lemon scented Verbena) This plant has delightful scented foliage and a  loose Salvia like form. These are slow to get going in our conditions, for some reason. Prof. Ortega, of Madrid, sent specimens from South America to Mons. L’Heritier at Paris, where Dr. Sibthorp obtained it, on his return from Greece, and introduced it to Britain in 1784. Probably at Camden Park NSW from 1850. Certainly in Queensland by the later 19th century. Chile- Argentina 1A.1885 (Lippia citriodora?), 6.1897, 7.1897, 9.1851, 10.1855, 13.1900/1,15.Camden Central lawn and Borders

 Brillantasia subulugurica. Large leafed, lax shrub with quite large mauve/Blue flowers reminiscent of but larger than Salvia flowers. First collected in 1818 by Paliscot de Beauvois in Benin along with various other species collected from Africa, the taxonomy of which has been revised over the years by Bentham, Hooker and others. West Africa 15.Camden Blue Trellis gardens, Eastern Border garden

Dicliptera suberecta. Soft sprawling grey foliage plant with tubular orange Salvia like flowers, this plant has spread happily and self seeds in semishaded areas. I thought that this was some sort of salvia initially. Uruguay Stone Circle, East Border gardens

 Hypoestes aristata. Reliable easy growing and quite tall plant with unusual twisting Mauve/Pink “salvia like” flowers appearing once a year in spring. It is not unlike salvia really as the clouds of small flowers compliment the garden as salvias do and makes up for the tendency to self seed. Easy to strike from cutting, low maintenance. South Africa 1.1875 East Border gardens

Pycnostachys urticifolia.  Tall, easy to grow shrub with spires of bright pure blue flowers followed by sharp spiky seed structure which can prick the fingers cruelly. Easy to propagate tolerates all conditions.  Dr Livingstone gathered seeds of this species in September 1859 and sent them to Messrs Backhouse & they produced flowers in January 1863. Dr Kirk and Dr Meller also sent seeds and dried specimens to Kew from the Manganja Hills (Malawi), altitude 3000 feet, in October 1861. Africa 15.Camden East Border gardens, Criss-cross garden

 Lepachinia salviae (pitcher sage) Medium to tall, lax shrub large arrow shaped grey leaves. Long pannicles of Mauve flowers in bells which do resemble Salvia. Certainly collected by Charles Darwin at Valparaiso in 1834 and named for a Russian botanist Ivan Lepichin Chile 15.Camden Near Back Stairs

Hemizygia transvaalensis syn.Syncolostemon (Pink Sage). Perennial from high veld. Easily grown from cutting This species was first collected near Barberton (then Transvaal, now Mpumalanga ) by Ernest Galpin (1858-1941) banker by profession, amateur botanist and plant collector, and was named in 1897 by Rudolf Schlechter (1872-1925), German botanist and traveller. I have found this surprisingly difficult and slow to get going, much prefers moist and semi-shade. South Africa 15.Camden Below Back Verandah.

 Justicia brandegeana syn. Bellerephone guttata (shrimp plant) Low growing lax shrub. We have yellow and bronze flower colour varieties. Remarkably tolerant of dry shade.  There is a passing resemblence to Salvias if you squint hard.Central and South America 1.1875 (9 species Justicia) Central lawn Gardens and Border, Plough Inn, Front Path

Justicia aurea syn. Justicia umbrosa (Yellow Jacobinia, Brazilian Plume) Tall yellow flowering Justicia. Grows from stem cutting. Favours semishade. Throwing Justicias in as resembling Salvias is purely subjective as they compliment each other in a perennial shrub garden. South America Fenced Rose garden, Fernery

 Justicia carnea (both white and pink hybrids) Interesting tall “candles” of flower bracts on tough shrub. This low maintenance, self seeding plant introduces colour under trees in a warm climate garden. First botanically described by John Lindley in 1831. ‘A native of Rio Janeiro, whence a living plant was sent, in 1827, to the Horticultural Society, by the Right Honourable Robert Gordon.(from www.hortuscamdenensis) Central and South America.     1.1875 (J.carnea, J.alba), 1A.1885 (Jacobinia magnifica), 7.1897, 9.1851, 10.1855, 15.Camden Orchid Walk, Front Path Garden

 Justicia betonica (White) This tough, self seeding tall plant has white flowers, with a touch of pink, not unlike Salvia but more upright. I love this invasive Justicia but I think Kyleigh finds its vigour annoying. Tropical East Africa 1.1875, 7.1897 Front Path garden, gatehouse

 Justicia rizzinii syn Libonia floribunda, Jacobinia pauciflora.  Lovely compact shrub with evergreen small ovate leaves and small tubular flowers of yellow/red. Brazil Central Lawn and Borders

Ocimum gratissimum (perennial Basil). Strongly aromatic herbaceous plant with spikes of Salvia like mauve/white flowers. Our Basil species strikes easily from cutting and is quite a reliable perennial. Aromatic like sweet Basil Ocimum basilicum but much more camphorated. Central lawn and Borders, Fenced Rose garden

Plectranthus amboinensis (Cuban Oregano) Low growing glaucous spreading ground cover plant with grey-green foliage and blue flowers spikes. Favours sunny well drained position. South and east Africa.Front Road Embankment

Plectranthus ecklonii was first collected in 1813 by William Burchell, however Bentham described the species in 1848 based on a specimen collected by Ecklon and was unaware of the earlier collection. Plectranthus ecklonii has a wide distribution from Somerset east in the Eastern Cape to Barberton in Mpumalanga. It is confined to moist coastal subtropical and Afrotemperate Forest and forest margins. It is common in the under-storey at forest margins or on wooded stream banks. This species is named after Christian Friedrich Ecklon (1795 – 1868), Danish pharmacist, plant collector and traveller in South Africa. John Medley Wood introduced it to the Durban Botanical Gardens towards the end of the nineteenth century. It is thought that Ecklon sent seed of it to Baron Von Ludwig in Cape Town. It was the first plectranthus to be introduced to Kirstenbosch and has been growing there since 1914, shortly after the Garden was established. Tall shrub resembling a tall salvia which produces pannicles of blue, pink or white flowers in summer. Easy to propagate and care for. South Africa   Central Shrub Garden, Fenced Rose garden Eastern Borders

Plectranthus ecklonii var. ‘Hawthorne Pink’ Tall salvia like perennial, pink flowering garden cultivar. Easy to grow from cutting, tolerates dry shade. Eastern Borders, Central Shrub garden

Plectranthus graveolens Suberect, creeping shrub with spikes of bright blue flowers Eastern Australia Stone Circle Garden

 Plectranthus oertendahlii (standard and variegated varieties) creeping groundcover with small white flowers, mainly in shady areas Brazil Near Back Stairs, Driveway and western gardens

 Plectranthus saccatus. Striking blue flowers on a tough low softstemmed shrub. Reliable. Will self seed. Great colour in the shade South Africa Driveway and Western gardens, Rock Garden near back Stairs

 Plectranthus saccatus x hilliardiae ‘cape Angels’  ‘Mona Lavender’,white and pink flowering. Reliable low shrub, shade tolerant, easily struck from cutting. Garden hybrid Rock garden Near back Stairs

Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Blue Stachytarpheta) Criss Cross Garden1A.1885. Central Lawn

 Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Pink, variable flowers) Fenced Rose garden1A 1885

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