Salvias, ‘The Shambles’ 2018
Salvia “Meigans Magic”
We have been able to maintain and expand our Salvia and Salvia like Perennial collection in 2017 going into 2017
Of all the plants we have which are easy to propagate, easy to grow and freely give such wonderful colour in sun and shade the Salvias stand out. Various Salvias have been grown in Australian gardens from the 19th century but the range of available species and cultivars has expanded greatly in the last few decades.
For Salvias we have referred to “The New book of Salvias” Betty Clebsch, Florilegium 2003 as well as Newsletters of the Salvia Study group, Victoria for detail and expertly researched notes about these plants. We also refer to “Salvias in South East Queensland” by Barbara Wickes 2006 (revised and reissued 2012). In the decade or more since the publications Salvia hybridization and collection has grown. By preference we prefer to look for Salvia species to collect.
Of Historical interest in Queensland the 1875 Brisbane Botanic Gardens Catalogue mentions Salvia azurea, S. coccinea, S. officinalis, S. patens, S. plebia, S. pratensis, S. afracanus and S. splendens. The catalogue of the Brisbane 1885 Botanic and Acclimatization gardens included Salvia azurea, S.coccinea, S.fulgens, S.hoveyi, S.officinalis, S.patens and S.splendens. Many of our perennial Salvias listed below were not mentioned in 19th century catalogues and according to Clebsch (2003) were not in gardens until the 1980s. The 1962 Brisbane Botanical gardens Catalogue records Salvia argentea, S. azurea, S. farinacea, S involucrata, S. leucantha, S. patens and Salvia splendens as well as S. splendens variegated.
“The Shambles” Collection of PERENNIAL SALVIAS 2018
Salvia amarissima bitter Mexican Sage. Blue flowering, in South rose garden Mexico South Rose garden, North Rose garden
Salvia azuria (Prairie sage) Hardy perennial sage with sky blue flowers nd a lax habit. Southern United States. 1.1875, 1A 1885 South Rose Garden
Salvia x buchananii “Embers Wish” Bright coral flowers bloom year-round in frost-free climates, or until frost Path, Next to Salvia confertiflora
Salvia x buchananii “Love and Wishes” raised by Australian breeder John Fisher and the third in the ‘Wish’ series. Reddish-purple flowers with dark burgundy calyces and stems over a long flowering period
Salvia x buchananii “Wendys Wish” fast growing variety displays vibrant magenta flowers for much of the year (warmer months). East Border gardens
Salvia “Blue Bird” Blue flowering tall Salvia. The origins of salvia Blue Bird are unknown, with its appearance in Australasia becoming part of local salvia folklore. The plant seems to have been part of a shipment from the USA marked ‘unknown salvia’ some years ago. There is limited information available about the plant’s history, but Blue Bird is an apt name. Expert speculation has suggested that potential parent plants for this likely hybrid may be S. polystachya or S. purpurea. North Pool Embankment
Salvia chamelaeagnea (mauve and white) Afrikaanse salie. South Africa, Cape of Good Hope North Pool Embankment
Salvia cacaliifolia Blue Vine Sage Chiapas, Mexico, and in Guatemala and Honduras, at 1,500–2,500 m (4,921–8,202 ft) elevation. It has been available in the United Kingdom for many years, after being recognized by William Robinson in 1933 (Royal Blue) North pool Embankment
Salvia chamaedryiodes x S.greggii “Cookie” small shrubby perennial with the most intense azure blue flowers that sit out from the foliage. These appear right through from late spring to autumn. Very hardy to heat and dry and enjoys full sun, but can take half shade if in well drained soils. Raised stone garden Back stairs
Salvia chiapensis x leucantha “Majenta Magic” Flowers on long wands carrying deep magenta flowers above a vigorous bush some 80 cm or so tall. It flowers from summer through the autumn into winter in sun or light shade. NE corner of back verandah next to Salvia confertifolia
Salvia coccinea (red), Salvia coccinea (white), Salvia coccinea bicolor (salmon pink and white), Low growing self-seeding hardy, short lived perennial. A prolific donor plant in our climate. USA 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 10.1855, 13.1900/1 East Border Gardens, South Rose garden, Fenced Rose garden, Central Shrub garden
Salvia confertifolia Tall salvia with corrugated leaves and quite long spikes of small orange flowers with an orange brown calyx. Brazil. NE corner of verandah.
Salvia corrugata is a perennial shrub native to Columbia, Peru, and Ecuador, growing at 8000-9800 ft elevation. It was brought into horticulture about 2000 as a result of a collecting trip to South America in 1988. All the plants in cultivation today are from six seeds that germinated from that trip. Central Shrub Garden
Salvia curviflora bright pink, majenta flowers summer/autumn, South rose garden Mexico Fenced Rose garden, Rock garden
Salvia discolor Black/green flowers on a lax low growing shrub with sticky grey foliage. Peru South Rose garden
Salvia disermas White, mauve and white South Africa North West Corner Stone Circle
Salvia dorisiana This is a late winter-early spring flowering shrub which grows up to 2m tall. It has large velvety leaves which have a delicious scent of fruit salad, and spires of quite large hot-pink flowers. It can cope with a degree of shade. Fenced Rose garden, Raised rock garden
Salvia elegans syn.S.rutilans. (Pineapple Sage) The Pineapple scented foliage is quite attractive. Small red flowers are bee attracting. North of house, near cloths line and rock circle garden. There is a close variant of this Salvia with more camphorated scent under the cloths line. Mexico North Rose garden, Back Verandah, Fenced Rose garden
Salvia rutilans syn. S.elegans Golden foliage Pineapple sage South Rose garden
Salvia farinacea x Salvia longispicata “Indigo Spires” Vigous but low growing hybrid with indigo blue flowers Gate House
Salvia flocculosa Ecuadorian sage (Blue) The flowers, which seem to never stop blooming, are strongly marked with white bee lines. Ecuador North Pool Embankment
Salvia gesneriiflora “Tequila” Tall rangy shrub with Red/Black flowers in loose spikes. Tolerates sun and part shade. Easily sruck from cutting Colombia NW boundary garden. North East Verandah Garden
Salvia guaranitica Tall spreading clump forming shrub with clear Mid-Blue flower spikes in summer. Tolerates shade. Brazil North verandah and central gardens. Back Verandah, Central Shrub garden
Salvia guaranitica ‘Black and Bloom” Deep blue with black calyces Ovate, wrinkled, pointed, lightly-toothed, dark green leaves. Cultivar Brazil, Paraguay. Central Lawn and Borders
Salvia guaranitica x gesneriifolia “Purple Majesty”. A tall plant with the classic square stems and large serrated leaves. Flower spikes are Royal Purple throughout the year but mostly in the warmer months. Criss Cross garden, Near Coral Fountain
Salvia holowayi (Holways sage), low growing red flowers. Guatamala, Mexico Raised stone wall neat back stairs
Salvia involucrata. Tall spreading lax shrub with round stems. Large Pink flowers which are quite closed. Easily grown from cutting tolerates sun and shade. Autumn-winter flowering. Mexico 12.1962. Widespread, including Driveway, Front embankment,
Salvia involucrata. Var “Bethellii” Tall free flowering shrub. Flowers better colour and form than Involucrata varieties. Autumn-Winter flowering. Mexico, hybrid. Mainly north of the house. Central Shrub garden, South East Corner
Salvia involucrata “Joan” Tall shrub bright pink flowers. East Border gardens
Salvia involucrata cultivar “Pink Icicles”. Tall lax shrub with large flowers of soft pink and white. Easily struck from cutting, hardy in dry shade and on an exposed embankment. NE boundary garden NE Border garden
Salvia involucrata “Romantic Rose” a Bright pink flowering variety. Planted gatehouse
Salvia involucrata “Warwick Joan” mid pink flower colour. A very strong Salvia. Stone wall garden near back stairs
Salvia involucrata x karwinskii “Follets Folly” crimson to red flowering tall perennial shrub. East Border garden, Plough Inn North
Salvia iodantha Very tall, spectacular shrub with clusters of magenta flowers at end of long arching stems. Easily propagated from cutting. Spring-Summer flowering. Mexico. West of pool fence and the fenced rose garden
Salvia iodantha x longistylus Tall Salvia with flowers similar in luster to S.Iodantha but more mauve to pink in colour and less tightly packed then the S.Iodantha Criss Cross garden. Persisting but damaged and vulnerable 2017
Salvia leucantha Medium sized perennial shrub with reliable mauve calyx and white flower spikes. Semideciduous. Mexico 12.1962. Central Lawn and borders.
Salvia leucantha ‘Midnight” purple flower and calyx. Semideciduous Front path garden, Fenced Rose garden
Salvia leucantha cv “Velour Pink” Robust Salvia Pink and white flowers. North Rose garden
Salvia leucantha cv “Red Harry”. Semideciduous Salvia Purple flowers nd Calyx. North Rose garden
Salvia leucantha hybrid “Velour White” White flowers, white calyx on this variety with white flowers. NW corner pool fence. Lost 2017 To be replaced.
Salvia x leucantha “Meigans Magic” grey tone in foliage. Meigan’s Magic is a chance hybrid discovered in 2005 in the garden of Robyn and Ian Powell at Mylor, South Australia. Named after their grand daughter, Meigan, the young seedling was found under Salvia leucantha which is assumed to be one parent, but the other is unknown. White flower in purple calyx. A very successful Salvia in our climate. Front path garden
Salvia macrophylla Larger heart shaped, stick, aromatic leaves with spikes of sky-blue flowers in summer. Columbia, Peru, Bolivia. Central lawn and Borders
Salvia macrophylla “Purple leaf” Like green leaved S. macrophylla Cobalt blue flowers Peru North lawn garden
Salvia madrense. Very tall salvia with large leaves and square stems. The flowers are on long spikes of bright Yellow. Very tough and easy to care for but large dominating plant.Mexico Gardens east side of the house. East Border garden, Central lawn and Borders
Salvia mexicana “Limelight” Central Shrub garden , Orchid Walk
Salvia mexicana var. “Lollie Jackson” Dark blue flowers, Black calyx on a tall shrub with the classic square stems. Reliable easily struck from cutting. Mexico. Gardens east and SE of house.
Salvia microphylla “Hot lips”. Very hardy in our garden, tolerating dry and moist shade. Easily propagated from cutting. Distinctive crimson-red margin on flower. summer flowering. Fenced Rose garden, Rock wall garden
Salvia microphylla ‘Huntington Red’ is an evergreen plant, growing from 70cm to 1 meter and spreading from 60 to 75cm. It has a shrubby growth habit with many thin, but firm and upright stems. The striking dark coloured stems approach black in colour and show off the red flowers. The calyces are almost black North West Corner Stone Circle
Salvia microphylla “Miss Scarlet” low growing but erect Salvia cultivar red flowers. Near Fenced rose garden
Salvia microphylla “Penny’s Smile”. Crimson pink flowers. Fenced rose garden
Salvia microphylla “Angel Wings” Soft Pink flowers. In rock wall garden at back stairs among Plectranthus cultivars.
Salvia microphylla (heatwave series) “Glow” Glow produces mass displays of soft peach to apricot coloured flowers. Raised stone wall garden near back stairs
Salvia microphylla (“Heat wave series” Salvias) but with glossy aromatic foliage. Brittle stems. Red flower, black calyx. East of fenced rose garden.
Salvia miniata (Belize Sage) Tall, apple green glossy foliage, bright red flowers. Easily grows from cutting, hardy in shade including dry shade. Flowers throughout the year. Mexico. Central lawn and borders, NE corner garden
Salvia namaensis x africana “Fingrove” blue flowering. Raised stone wall garden near back stairs
Salvia officinalis low growing culinary and medicinal sage Europe to central Asia 1.1875 Only survives in containers for us
Salvia “Omaha Gold” (Variegated Anise-Scented Sage) Rumpled and lance-shaped, the spectacular leaves of this sage are yellowish-lime with splotches of emerald. Rub them and you smell anise, a licorice-like scent. The bountiful, cobalt blue flowers cover the plant from summer Central Shrub garden near S. oxyphora
Salvia pallida Pale Sage. Tall, Oval leaves scalloped edges, pale blue flowers Argentina Fenced Rose garden, North Rose garden, North West Corner Stone Circle
Salvia x “Phyllis Fancy” White and mauve flowers and purple calyx. Near side stairs in quite a shaded position. East Border garden
Salvia pseudo nutans shrubby salvia of moderate vigour with pale blue flowers reminiscent of Salvia pallida Fenced Rose garden
Salvia oxyphora (Bolivian Hummingbird Sage), Tall vigorous shrub, Tubular crimson pink flowers with fine hairs Bolivia Peru Central Shrub Garden
Salvia radula white flowering Salvia radula is also called Scrappy African Sage and is native to the botanically rich mountain regions of South Africa and grows at elevations from 1300 to 1900 meters. South Africa North West Corner Stone Circle
Salvia pratensis (Meadow sage Pink cultivar) perennial forming a basal clump 1 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall, with rich green rugose leaves that are slightly ruffled and toothed on the edges Europe West Asia North pool Embankment. Lost 2017
Salvia splendens, unnamed tall varieties of this perennial Salvia in our garden include a cultivar with mauve and white flowers, one with White flowers and Red flowering with variegated foliage, as well as one with White/Red. Many shrubs persist and can flower throughout the year in sun or shade. Brazil 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 10.1855, 12.1962, 13.1900/1.Tall Reliable Salvia in most areas of the Garden
Salvia splendens “Van Houttei” A tall cultivar of Salvia splendens with red-maroon flowers . Tall and vigorous, strikes easily from cutting. Throughout Central shrub garden, East Border garden
Salvia “Superior Purple” small leaf salvia purple flowers. Delightful plant on Front Path garden
Salvia “Waverley” Medium sized reliable low maintenance plant. Flowers are white, pale pink to mauve calyx throughout. Spring and Summer. Vigorous, strikes easily from cutting. Near gatehouse and eastern boundary garden
Salvia x buchananii “Wendys Wish” fast growing variety displays vibrant magenta flowers for much of the year (warmer months). East Border gardens
Salvia uliginosa (Bog Sage). Sky blue flowers . Moderate height and invasive locally. Easily propagated. Spring-Summer flowering. East of gatehouse, front garden
Salvia wagneriana Tall, winter flowering salvia wit flowers of pink and white Central America. Just near gatehouse and driveway.
Salvia unknown from Donlens #1 Tall pink North Pool Embankment
Salvia unknown from Donlens #2 North East Verandah garden
Salvia unknown from Donlens #3 Apple green foliage serrated laf, red flowering. Central Shrub Garden
We have placed these perennials with the Salvia list as they complement each other and do similar work in the garden design. They have spike or labiate flowers or flower structure which is reminiscent of the appearance of some of the Salvias.
RELIABLE “SALVIA”-LIKE PERENNIALS .
Aloysia triphylla,( Lemon scented Verbena) This plant has delightful scented foliage and a loose Salvia like form. These are slow to get going in our conditions, for some reason. Prof. Ortega, of Madrid, sent specimens from South America to Mons. L’Heritier at Paris, where Dr. Sibthorp obtained it, on his return from Greece, and introduced it to Britain in 1784. Probably at Camden Park NSW from 1850. Certainly in Queensland by the later 19th century. Chile- Argentina 1A.1885 (Lippia citriodora?), 6.1897, 7.1897, 9.1851, 10.1855, 13.1900/1,15.Camden Central lawn and Borders, Front Path garden
Brillantasia subulugurica. Large leafed, lax shrub with quite large mauve/Blue flowers reminiscent of but larger than Salvia flowers. First collected in 1818 by Paliscot de Beauvois in Benin along with various other species collected from Africa, the taxonomy of which has been revised over the years by Bentham, Hooker and others. West Africa 15.Camden Blue Trellis gardens, Eastern Border garden
Dicliptera suberecta. Soft sprawling grey foliage plant with tubular orange Salvia like flowers, this plant has spread happily and self seeds in semishaded areas. I thought that this was some sort of salvia initially. Uruguay Stone Circle, East Border gardens
Hypoestes aristata. Reliable easy growing and quite tall plant with unusual twisting Mauve/Pink “salvia like” flowers appearing once a year in spring. It is not unlike salvia really as the clouds of small flowers compliment the garden as salvias do and makes up for the tendency to self seed. Easy to strike from cutting, low maintenance. South Africa 1.1875 East Border gardens
Pycnostachys urticifolia. Tall, easy to grow shrub with spires of bright pure blue flowers followed by sharp spiky seed structure which can prick the fingers cruelly. Easy to propagate tolerates all conditions. Dr Livingstone gathered seeds of this species in September 1859 and sent them to Messrs Backhouse & they produced flowers in January 1863. Dr Kirk and Dr Meller also sent seeds and dried specimens to Kew from the Manganja Hills (Malawi), altitude 3000 feet, in October 1861. Africa 15.Camden East Border gardens, Criss-cross garden
Lepachinia salviae (pitcher sage) Medium to tall, lax shrub large arrow shaped grey leaves. Long pannicles of Mauve flowers in bells which do resemble Salvia. Certainly collected by Charles Darwin at Valparaiso in 1834 and named for a Russian botanist Ivan Lepichin Chile 15.Camden Near Back Stairs
Hemizygia transvaalensis syn.Syncolostemon (Pink Sage). Perennial from high veld. Easily grown from cutting This species was first collected near Barberton (then Transvaal, now Mpumalanga ) by Ernest Galpin (1858-1941) banker by profession, amateur botanist and plant collector, and was named in 1897 by Rudolf Schlechter (1872-1925), German botanist and traveller. I have found this surprisingly difficult and slow to get going, much prefers moist and semi-shade. South Africa 15.Camden Below Back Verandah.
Justicia brandegeana syn. Bellerephone guttata (shrimp plant) Low growing lax shrub. We have yellow and bronze flower colour varieties. Remarkably tolerant of dry shade. There is a passing resemblence to Salvias if you squint hard.Central and South America 1.1875 (9 species Justicia) Central lawn Gardens and Border, Plough Inn, Front Path
Justicia aurea syn. Justicia umbrosa (Yellow Jacobinia, Brazilian Plume) Tall yellow flowering Justicia. Grows from stem cutting. Favours semishade. Throwing Justicias in as resembling Salvias is purely subjective as they compliment each other in a perennial shrub garden. South America Fenced Rose garden, Fernery
Justicia carnea (both white and pink hybrids) Interesting tall “candles” of flower bracts on tough shrub. This low maintenance, self seeding plant introduces colour under trees in a warm climate garden. First botanically described by John Lindley in 1831. ‘A native of Rio Janeiro, whence a living plant was sent, in 1827, to the Horticultural Society, by the Right Honourable Robert Gordon.(from www.hortuscamdenensis) Central and South America. 1.1875 (J.carnea, J.alba), 1A.1885 (Jacobinia magnifica), 7.1897, 9.1851, 10.1855, 15.Camden Orchid Walk, Front Path Garden
Justicia betonica (White) This tough, self seeding tall plant has white flowers, with a touch of pink, not unlike Salvia but more upright. I love this invasive Justicia but I think Kyleigh finds its vigour annoying. Tropical East Africa 1.1875, 7.1897 Front Path garden, gatehouse
Justicia rizzinii syn Libonia floribunda, Jacobinia pauciflora. Lovely compact shrub with evergreen small ovate leaves and small tubular flowers of yellow/red. Brazil Central Lawn and Borders
Leonotis leonurus Lax perennial which needs support . White flowers resembling Justicia or Plectranthus. South Africa 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 10.1855 Central Shrub Garden, North Rose garden
Ocimum gratissimum (perennial Basil). Strongly aromatic herbaceous plant with spikes of Salvia like mauve/white flowers. Our Basil species strikes easily from cutting and is quite a reliable perennial. Aromatic like sweet Basil Ocimum basilicum but much more camphorated. Central lawn and Borders, Fenced Rose garden
Phlomis fruticosa – Jerusalem Sage This is an evergreen perennial with silver foliage. An excellent plant for those dry, sunny areas. The tubular flowers in golden yellow are produced in clusters, around the stem, from top to bottom. Turkey Driveway Garden
Phlomis russeliana The large felt-like, heart shaped evergreen leaves, green above grey beneath, make a dense weed proof mound. The strong stiff 100cm stems are encircled with whorls of soft yellow hooded flowers. Driveway garden
Plectranthus amboinensis (Cuban Oregano) Low growing glaucous spreading ground cover plant with grey-green foliage and blue flowers spikes. Favours sunny well drained position. South and east Africa.Front Road Embankment
Plectranthus ecklonii was first collected in 1813 by William Burchell, however Bentham described the species in 1848 based on a specimen collected by Ecklon and was unaware of the earlier collection. Plectranthus ecklonii has a wide distribution from Somerset east in the Eastern Cape to Barberton in Mpumalanga. It is confined to moist coastal subtropical and Afrotemperate Forest and forest margins. It is common in the under-storey at forest margins or on wooded stream banks. This species is named after Christian Friedrich Ecklon (1795 – 1868), Danish pharmacist, plant collector and traveller in South Africa. John Medley Wood introduced it to the Durban Botanical Gardens towards the end of the nineteenth century. It is thought that Ecklon sent seed of it to Baron Von Ludwig in Cape Town. It was the first plectranthus to be introduced to Kirstenbosch and has been growing there since 1914, shortly after the Garden was established. Tall shrub resembling a tall salvia which produces pannicles of blue, pink or white flowers in summer. Easy to propagate and care for. South Africa Central Shrub Garden, Fenced Rose garden Eastern Borders
Plectranthus ecklonii var. ‘Hawthorne Pink’ Tall salvia like perennial, pink flowering garden cultivar. Easy to grow from cutting, tolerates dry shade. Eastern Borders, Central Shrub garden
Plectranthus graveolens Suberect, creeping shrub with spikes of bright blue flowers Eastern Australia Stone Circle Garden
Plectranthus oertendahlii (standard and variegated varieties) creeping groundcover with small white flowers, mainly in shady areas Brazil Near Back Stairs, Driveway and western gardens
Plectranthus saccatus. Striking blue flowers on a tough low softstemmed shrub. Reliable. Will self seed. Great colour in the shade South Africa Driveway and Western gardens, Rock Garden near back Stairs
Plectranthus saccatus x hilliardiae ‘cape Angels’ ‘Mona Lavender’,white and pink flowering. Reliable low shrub, shade tolerant, easily struck from cutting. Garden hybrid Rock garden Near back Stairs
Scutellaria costaricana (Scarlet skullcap) Tender perennial native to Costa Rica, where it grows in the mountain forests at elevations as high as 2,000 m (6,500 ft). It is grown as a house plant for its orange- red flowers which are borne in rich terminal clusters. It is a member of the mint family. East Border garden
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Blue Stachytarpheta) Criss Cross Garden1A.1885. Central Lawn
Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Pink, variable flowers) Fenced Rose garden1A 1885