Inventory of Bulbs , Corms and Rhizomes at “The Shambles”

BULBS & RHIZOMES at “The Shambles” 2017

Clivia miniata
Clivia miniata

Key for historic reference notations to Plant entries:

“Catalogue of the Plants in the Queensland Botanic Gardens”. Walter Hill, Government Printer, Brisbane 1875.                            1. 1875

“Catalogue of Plants in the two Metropolitan Gardens, The Brisbane Botanic Garden and Bowen Park (The Garden of the Queensland Acclimatization Society). Frederick Manson Bailey, Colonial Botonist, Government Printer, Brisbane 1885                                     1A. 1885

“Designed Landscapes in Queensland, 1859-1939”, Jean Sim, QUT, 1999, APPENDIX G, referred to the following plant lists:

“The Flower garden in Queensland, containing concise and practical instructions for the Cultivation of the flower garden. And the management of Pot Plants in Australia”, Albert Hockings, Slater & Co, Brisbane, 1875                                                                     2. 1875

“Cultural Industries in Queensland: Papers on the Cultivation of Useful Plants suited to the climate of Queensland:their value as food, in the arts, and in medicine; and methods of Obtaining their products” Lewis Bernays, Government printer, Brisbane , 1883, (pp 201-207, The Shade of trees)                                                                     3. 1883

“Tree Planting for Shade and Ornament: Suggestions for teachers and others interested in the Planting of Trees” Edward Shelton, Dept of Agriculture, Government Printer, Brisbane, Bulletin 17, 1892

List: Philip McMahon, Brisbane Botanic gardens Curator     4a.  1892

        Ebenezer Cowley, Overseer, State Nursery, Kamerunga4b.  1892

        J S Edgar , Botanic gardens , Rockhampton                 4c.   1892

        William Soutter, Manager , Acclimatization society      4d.   1892

“General Catalogue of Seeds, Plants, bulbs, Tubers, trees, Climbers, etc.” Samuel Eaves, Howard, printer, Brisbane, 1897           5.    1897

“Queenslander” under ‘Horticulture’ section ‘Shrubs’, William Soutter, 18/12/1897 pp 1181                                                            6.    1897

“General descriptive Catalogue for 1874, of Fruit trees, Shrubs, Ornamental and forest trees, Etc. etc” Charles Wyatt, Frogmore Nursery, Geelong 1874                                                          7.    1874

“1896 Catalogue of Flower roots”. Law, Somner & Co., Melbourne, 1896                                                                                      8.   1896

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale by Michael Guilfoyle” Exotic Nursery, Double bay, Sydney 1851                                                       9.   1851

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale at the Victoria Nursery, Richmond” George Brunning, Melbourne, 1855                                                  10.  1855

“Report on the Progress and Condition of the Botanic Garden and Government Plantations, 1873”, R.Schomburgk, W.C.Cox: Government Printer, Adelaide, 1874                                                          11.  1874

“Botanic Gardens, Brisbane, Catalogue of Plants 1962”, Brisbane city Council, Brisbane, 1962                                                        12. 1962

“Federation Gardens: Plant lists, Compiled from Searl & Sons General Catalogue 1901, Seeds, Plants & Bulbs for Sydney; Pearce Bros.Descriptive Catalogue and Guide 1900; Robert Little & Co’s Catalogue of Flower seeds Sydney 1900: Rumsey’s 1882 Catalogue (Roses) Sydney 1882 www.heritage.nsw.gov.au                    13. 1900/1

“Talgai Homestead, Plant Ledger, commenced in 1868-1907 by Ellen and George Clark. Additions after 1907-1942 George Carr Clark, 1945-1965 Bardwell”                                                                     14. 1868                                              

www.hortuscamden.com ,Hortus camdenensis: an illustrated catalogue of plants collected by Sir William Macarthur at Camden Park, NSW, Australia between about c.1820 & 1861 / by Colin Mills     15. Camden

“The Garden Plants of China” Peter Valder, Florilegium, Sydney 1999      16. China

Our collection of these plants has built up quite readily because plants with underground storage organs are easily transported, transplanted and shared. Our list contains common garden plants and is evidence of the enormous influence of South African plant collection on the modern ornamental plant range. Many, if not most of these plants are found in historical references.

Acanthus mollis (bear’s breeches) Low growing winter/dry dormant perennial producing tall flower spikes of mauve/brown and white. Shade tolerant. The Acanthus leaf shape has been an inspiration for designers since classical times. 1A.1885, 11.1874, 13.1900/1 East Border Gardens. 

Acidanthera bicolor syn.Gladiolus murielae (peacock orchid), a reliable bulb in warm climates, summer flowering, grass like foliage dies down in winter. It was first named in 1844 by Hochstetter as Acidanthera bicolor, from the first collection in 1838 in Ethiopia by Georg Schimper.(www.rhs.org.uk). Naturalized in situ in our garden Abyssinia, East Africa.Front Path garden, Behind Plough Inn and NW corner garden

Agapanthus praecox syn. 19th C references Agapanthus umbellatus (lily of the nile) An evergreen, often used as a landscaping plant and we certainly use it in long rows or larger groups. Tall umbels with white, blue, dark blue standard sized and miniature flowers. Tolerates sun or dry shade. Introduced into cultivation in Europe in 1687 and first named Crinum africanum by Linnaeus 1753. Paxtons Dictionary lists 3 varieties, albiflorus, white; albidus, ‘whitish’; maximus, blue, and the Botanical Register figures a dwarf form, minimus: Southern Africa 1.1875 (A.umbellatus), 1A.1885 (A.umbellatus), 7.1897, 8.1896, 10.1855, 12.1962, 13.1900/1,15.Camden Front Embankment, South Rose garden, Driveway West Gardens, Blue trellis garden, Central Shrubbery. Variegated cv South Rose garden, East Border garden Behind Plough Inn

Allium sphaerocephalon “Drumsticks” Ornamental onions have small vibrant flower heads that change from green to a red-purple. Vunerable to wet weather at Montville. Front path garden

Alstroemeria pulchellum   Red and green ragged flowers on a naturalizing plant in our garden. Summer flowering, winter dormant and probably an invasive donor plant. First botanically described as Alstroemeria pulchella by Linnaeus in 1782. Introduced to Britain in 1829 and listed at Camden Park NSW by 1843. Brazil.1A.1885 (A.psittacina), 10.1855 East Border garden, South Rose garden

Alstroemeria hybrids (Princess lily) Summer flowering, winter dormant, many flower colours available, most demonstrate decorative spots in flower throat. They are quite expensive to buy so we don’t have many. South America-Chile.1.1875 (4 species) North Rose garden, Rock garden near back stairs.

Ajuga reptans ‘Burgundy Lace’ Europe Central Shrub Garden

Anenome x hybrida, A.hupehensis (Windflower) Naturalizing winter dormant Anenome, beautiful white flowers. It resents prolonged wet weather, or drying out. Known in China from the Song dynasty (960-1279) as Quimudan (Autumn tree peony) and introduced to Britain from China in 1844 by Robert Fortune. Obtained for Camden Park NSW from Kew Gardens, brought out from England by Captain P. P. King in 1849.  2.1875, 7.1897, 8.1896, 10.1855, 15.Camden Central Shrub garden, North Rose garden, NW corner garden

Arisaema candississimum It has been a popular garden plant since its introduction from Yunnan by George Forrest in 1914.Hydrangea Walk.

Aristea ensifolia (Blue Stars) Acquired from Hunchy gardeners and only identified after visiting Coffs Harbour botanic gardens. An elegant clump forming plant with sword shaped, Iris like foliage aroubnd long stems that bear masses of lovely small six petalled blue flowers in spring and summer. They are only marginally frost hardy and the flowers close up at night. South Africa South of fenced rose garden, Wishing well.

Colchicum autumnale (crocus) May emerge from lawn and elsewhere after rain. In our area it appears to ‘volunteer’ in many gardens and roadside verges, mostly pink flowering. Europe, North Africa, Asia 1.1875, 8.1896, 13.1900/1 Front path garden

Canna indica & Canna edulis, Canna x generalis (Indian Shot). There are pink, orange,salmon, yellow, cream,red flowering Canna indica varieties and longitudinal variegated leaf forms all lumped together in this description. Some maintenance required as flower heads do not self clean.Self seeds readily. South America 1.1875 (C.indica), 1A.1885 (6 species), 7.1897 (C.gigantea, C.indica, C. limbata), 8.1896, 10.1855 (C.iridiflora, C.indica), 11.1874, 13.1900/1 (31 varieties). 15.Camden East Border garden, NW corner garden

Crinum asiaticum syn. Crinum australe (river lily) Large size and white flower attracts attention. John Bidwill described six varieties of Crinum australe growing in Sydney in an undated entry in his notebook, but probably c.1840.Tropical Asia 1.1875 (11 species of crinum) Orchid Walk

Crinum pendunculatum (spider lily) Tall stems beautiful white flowers. Low maintenance and evergreen. It had been known in collections, according to Donn’s Hortus cantabrigiensis, from the year 1790; but it is uncertain by whom it was introduced. Cultivated at Chelsea, by P. Miller in1807. Eastern Australia, Pacific Islands 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 8, 1896, 13.1900/1 South Rose garden, Agapanthus row

Crinum bulbispermum x C. mooreipowellii’ Summer flowering Pink flowers, forms large clumps, evergreen. 19th Century hybridization of South African species 1.1875 (11 species of crinum), 1A.1885 (C.moorei, amaenum) East border Garden

Crocosmia mansonourum A deciduous, bulbous plant, growing up to 0.8 m high. The stiff leaves are lance-shaped and longitudinally pleated, 25-50 mm wide. The stem is inclined with the flowering spike held horizontally so that the dense inflorescence is presented in a showy arc. Bright orange flowers. Plants flower in summer, from December to January.The species is named in honour of the Edwardian artist, Marianne Mason and her brother Edward Mason, of St Bede’s College in Umtata, who collected the species in 1911. Plants were cultivated at the Cambridge University Botanic Garden the following year from corms brought to Britain by Marianne Mason. Umtata, Eastern Cape Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa  Throughout the garden, Fenced Rose garden, Front path Garden, Front Embankment.

Clivea miniata. (Kaffir Lily) An evergreen, often used in landscaping, reliable and colourful in shade with orange to cream flowering varieties, winter to spring, will tolerate dry shade. Clivia gained their current name from the English botanist John Lindley in 1854. Lindley (1799-1865) was the first Professor of Botany at London University. He named the South African plant to honour Lady Charlotte Florentina Clive, Duchess of Northumberland. South Africa (syn.Imantophyllum) 1A.1885 Orchid Walk, South Rose gardenCrocosmia mansonorum Orange flower spike, establishes easily in drifts, totally reliable, sun or shade. Summer flowering, winter dormant. Naturalize in situ. South Africa 8.1896 (C.aurea, Montbrettia), 13.1900/1 Fenced Rose garden, Rain forest walk, Front Embankment.

Clivea nobilis. Similar habit to C.miniata but has pendulous orange flowers and longer leaves. Clivia nobilis was the first species of Clivia to be described in 1828. It was a popular plant in England until the more spectacular Clivia miniata appeared on the scene 30 years later. Clivia nobilis occurs as isolated populations on the east coast from Alexandria Forest near Port Elizabeth northwards to Hole in the Wall (in former Transkei). Clivia nobilis is the only species known to have been grown at Camden in NSW before 1863 but has now been lost from the gardens. Africa 1A.1885 South Rose garden

Cyrtanthus mackenii (Ifafa lily) pretty cream or pink pendulous tubular flowers on strappy foliage. Winter dormant. The species name mackenii honours Mark J. McKen, a pioneer collector in KwaZulu-Natal, who became the first curator of the Durban Botanic Garden in 1851. Naturalize in situ.South Africa.1A.1885 Central Lawn and Border

Dahlia x hybridum Dahlias of many garden variety forms from low growing singles in a variety colours to tall ‘cactus’ and ‘pom pom’ forms. Most garden cultivars are hybrids derived from D. pinnata and D. coccinea. The Dahlia is stated to have been introduced in 1789, by the Marchioness of Bute, as a native of Mexico, and that the Comte de Vandes imported several varieties from France, where the plant had been cultivated for some years. Andrews’ Botanical Repository figured Dahlia pinnata in 1804, probably the first English journal to do so.Winter dormant- summer flowering. Naturalized in situ. Originally this plant species came from Mexico, South America. For more contact ‘The Queensland Dahlia Society inc’www.gardenclubs.org.au,  1.1875 (D.variabilis, 24 garden varieties), 1A.1885 (27 varieties), 7.1897, 8.1896, 10.1855 (6 varieties), 13.1900, 14.1868 (60 varieties+) 15.Camden Central Shrubbery, near Stone Circle, Central Lawn and borders.

Dietes bicolor   syn. moraea bicolor  yellow Iris like flowers in summer, tough strappy leaves. A common landscaping plant used in mass display South Africa 1.1875, 1A.1885, 8.1896, 13.1900/1 Front Embankment

Dietes grandiflora syn Moraea compressa White/mauve iris flowers in summer, very tough plant in drifts throughout the garden. Very drought tolerant. ‘Found by Thunberg in the interior of the Cape country in modern South Africa, near a house called Kock’s-Farm.  Cultivated by Miller in 1758, who received the seeds from the Cape, under the title of “White Water-Lily” South Africa 1.1875, 1A.1885, 8.1896, 13.1900/1, 15.Camden Front Embankment, Central Shrubbery, Blue trellis garden, Fenced Rose garden

Dietes grandiflora var. “White Tiger”, Variegated Dietes with longitudinal cream leaf stripes & margins Garden Cultivar Blue Trellis garden

Dietes robinsoniana Larger leaf blades and white flowers on this Dietes species which is doing well in a semi shaded position. Slow to flower Lord Howe Island Central Shrubbery garden

Dierama Pulchellum (Fairy Fishing Rod)  South Africa.  LOST AGAIN 2016

Eucharis amazonica (Amazon lily). Lovely white pendulous flowers on one of the most beautiful flowers of plants in our garden. South America 1A.1885, 8.1896, 13.1900/1 (E.grandiflora) East Border garden, West Gardens near laundry.

Euchomis comosa var.’Chocolate’ syn. Asphodelus comosus  (Pineapple lily). Large central flower spike resembling pineapple from centre of rosette of strappy leaves.   Introduced by Mr. John Graefer, in 1783, from the Cape of Good Hope. Garden variety, South Africa 15.Camden Blue trellis Garden

Eomecon chionantha (Snow Poppy). a low growing perennial  with white, cuplike flowers in sprays. First described by Henry Fletcher Hance in 1884. China  Central Shrub garden

Freesia refracta alba syn. Tritonia refracta, Freesia ‘Burgundian hybrids’, F. ‘Hernswood mixed’ Beautiful intensely fragrant flowers on a low growing plant. Winter dormant, spring-summer flowering. Naturalized in situ.Tritonia refracta first introduced from the Cape of Good Hope by Messrs. Lee and Kennedy of the Hammersmith Nursery.  Tritonia refracta was introduced to Britain in 1815. Freesia refracta alba Freesia alba is an herbaceous perennial growing from a corm and producing an erect, often branched stem up to 40 cm (16 in) centimeters tall with several leaves up to about 15 centimeters long. The inflorescence is a spike of several fragrant flowers with usually white tepals marked with yellow and purple. The genus Freesia is named after F.H.T. Freese (died 1876), a German physician from Kiel and a pupil of Ecklon. Freesia has a rather complicated and confusing history with lots of wrong names, misapplication of names and synonymy-for the full version see the 1982 revision by Peter Goldblatt. The first two species that were cultivated in Europe in 1766, were both placed in different genera viz. F. corymbosa was thought to be a Gladiolus and F. caryophyllacea was thought to be an Ixia. Freesia refracta arrived there in 1795 and was also thought to be a Gladiolus. Freesia sparrmannii was collected in 1770 and described in 1814, also as a Gladiolus, and the fifth species was called Gladiolus xanthospila but this one has never been related to any wild plant and is thought to be a form of F. caryophyllacea. Ecklon, Zeyher and Drege, all active in the early 1800s, sent back several species including F. sparrmannii, F. refracta, F. corymbosa, F. leichtlinii and F. andersoniae. It was only in 1866 that Freesia was described as a distinct genus. Freesia alba was first described in 1878 by G.L.Meyer, and became well known in Europe, as F. refracta var. alba. Gumbleton recognized Freesia alba as a distinct species in 1896. There is no record of how it got there, but Freesia alba first appeared in the English nursery trade in 1878 and quickly spread to Europe and North America. It appears to have caused quite a sensation, Cape province South Africa. NW corner garden South Africa, -garden hybrids. 8.1896, 13.1900/1,15.Camden Front Path Garden, North Rose Garden. NW corner garden

Haemanthus coccineus (blood lily), winter/dry dormant , globe of red flowers emerging in spring, after rain. 13.1900/1 Near Plough Inn

Hemerocallis aurantica (Day lily) there are yellow, orange, cream and multicolor varieties from specialist suppliers. The names of all of our varieties have been lost from our records. Winter dormant, spring-summer flowering. Naturalized in situ. ‘Day lilies’ were introduced into England in the late 16th century.  Paxton’s Dictionary gives a date of 1599 for Hemerocallis fulva, and many garden varieties and hybrids had been developed by 1843.  It is probable that the plants grown at Camden Park under the name of Hemerocallis fulva and Hemerocallis disticha were such varieties.  Paxton’s and Johnston’s Dictionary list Hemerocallis disticha as a distinct species, introduced to Britain in 1798.  It is figured in the Ornamental Flower Garden and shown with yellow and orange flowers 1854 East Asia For more contact ‘The Brisbane Day-lily Society’ at www.gardenclubs.org.au 1.1875, 1A.1885 (H.fulva), 10.1855 (4 species ? varieties), 13.1900/1 (H.disticha, H.fulva, H.lilioasphedelus, H.middendorffii), 15.Camden Front Path garden, Fenced Rose garden, Front Embankment

Hippeastrum equestra, Resilient bulb semi-dormant in winter, with large white/pink , orange  and striped red trumpet flowers emerging on tall stems in summer. Like Agapanthus these can be a permanent garden feature and low maintenance and very strong contributor to the spring garden. Naturalized in situ. Introduced into Britain in 1710.  South America. 1.1875 ( H.breviflorum), 1A.1885 (H.breviflorum solandreflorum), 7.1897, 10.1855 (6 species), 13.1900/1 (H.puniceum), 15.Camden Front Path Garden, Front Embankment.

Hippeastrum papilio (Butterfly amaryllis) Evergreen bulb, tall growing with complex flower colour Central America Blue Trellis Garden

Hyacinthoides hispanica.(Spanish bluebell ) Winter dormant low growing plant with spikes of blue bell shaped flowers in spring. Ours are naturalizing slowly and better each spring. North Rose Garden

Hymenocallis caribea. syn Pancratium caribaeum (white Spider lily). Charming and tough drift forming plant which can be used like Agapanthus as a landscaping plant, in similar situations. Dr.Johnson’s Dictionary gives a date of introduction for Pancratium declinatum of 1825, and 1730 for P. caribaeum. South America (syn. Ismene festalis?) 1A.1885, 15.Camden Central shrubbery, Plough Inn, North East Borders.

Ipheion uniflorum low growing bulbous plant, winter dormant. Small star shaped flowers of various colours in spring. 13.1900/1 Central Lawn and Borders.

The Brisbane 1885 reference 1A.1885 lists Iris germanica, longifolia, lusitanica, pumila, pseudocorus, susiana, xiphioides, xiphium.

Iris japonica syn. Iris chinensis (winter Iris) lovely low growing, drift forming plant with pale blue flowers, with attractive spots and markings. Known in China as Hudichua (Butterfly flower) these are evergreen, winter-spring flowering. Johnson’s Dictionary gives a date of introduction to Britain of 1792 for Iris chinensis, the description of which fits I. japonica.  Japan-China 1.1875, 13.1900/1,15.Camden, 16.China Pandorea trellis near back stairs.

Jonquil  see Narcissus jonquila

Kniphofia aloides (Red hot poker) Our unnamed variety possilbly Kniphofia x praecox has tall orange/red “poker” flower spikes in summer while spreading to form an evergreen clump of spear shaped leaves. There are many Kniphofia varieties available. South Africa (syn. Tritoma) 1A.1885 (K.uvaria) North Rose garden, Pool Embankment, Front Embankments, Central lawn and Borders

Kniphofia uvaria (dwarf Poker) ‘Apricot Nectar’ variety to be placed as a front of border plant Garden Cultivar Central Lawn and borders

Leucojum aestivum (Snowflakes) beautiful white bells on low growing plant. Winter dormant-spring flowering. Ideal for shady garden edges. Naturalized in situ. An ancient garden plant which a native of Austria, Hungary, Tuscany, the South of France, and England.  Hardy; blooms in spring Southern Europe.1.1875 (2 species), 1A.1885, 8.1896, 13.1900/1, 15.Camden South East Corner and Stone circle

Ligularia tussiliginea syn. Farfugium japonicum Aureo-maculata (Leopard plant). Tsuwabuki in Japan. It grows in a loose clump about 60 cm (24 in) tall and wide, spreading by rhizomes. Daisy-like yellow flowers, 2.5–5 cm (1–2 in) across, are borne in loose clusters in autumn and winter. Moisture loving perennial with large dramatic foliage. Japan  Hydrangea Walk, East Path garden, Just west of Fenced Rose garden

Lilium formosanum (Taiwan lily) semi-deciduous tall growing lilium with pendulous white flowers in summer. This may naturalize in situ and become a ‘volunteer plant’ or a roadside weed. Taiwan Front Embankment

Lilium lancifolium syn L.tigridium (Tiger lily) Introduced by Kerr in 1804 from China where it is known as Juandan (Rolled up red) for as least 1000years. China 16.China

Lilium longiflorum. (November lily) Winter dormant, tall lily with long white bells in November-December.  These do need staking to enjoy summer flower display. Naturalize in situ. Both Curtis’s Botanical Magazine and Flore des Serres figure Lilium longiflorum as a tall-growing species with white flowers, from Nepal and introduced in 1849. At Camden Park NSW from 1850. Japan.1.1875, 7.1897 (‘lilium of all sorts’), 8.1896, 10.1855 (5 species), 13.1900/1, 15.Camden Front Path garden, East Border gardens

Lilium x lankonensis .The first commercial cross of Lilium longiflorum (Christmas Lilies) and Lilium lankongense (Japanese Turk’s Cap Lilies). Released at the Chelsea Flower Show in 2011 White with purple spots in throat Driveway garden

Liriope muscari.var. ‘Evergreen giant’, ‘Joy Mist’, ‘Samantha’. A common hardy low growing landscaping plants with strappy leaves. Subtle differences in the colour of flower spike may be more noticed when drifts have formed. Evergreen Japan.1A.1885 (Liriope stricta) Blue trellis garden, Rain forest Walk, Front path Garden , Fenced Rose garden

Mirabilis jalapa. (4 O’clock plant). These tall winter dormant, summer flowering plants have brightly coloured flowers which open in the afternoon. Colours vary through yellow/oranges through to pink and mauve. Introduced to Britain before 1596, and mentioned in catalogues rom Camden Park NSW after 1843.Tropical North America. 1.1875 (4 var.), 1A.1885, 10.1855, 15.Camden East Border gardens, NW corner garden, planter box behind north verandah

Narcissus jonquila (Jonquil) “Paperwhite” “Soliel d’Or”, “Erlicheer”. Winter dormant, Spring flowering Jonquils reappear without being lifted in our subtropical garden. White, Double golden yellow, double white flowers on above-named garden varieties but a mysterious single white jonquil has appeared in their midst. Naturalized in situ. The fragrant jonquil is a native of Spain,   Introduced to Britain in 1596.Jonquil: This term actually refers to a specific type of daffodil known as Narcissus jonquilla, although the name is often used as a more general term for daffodils in certain parts of the country. They are most easily identified by their dark green, tube-shaped leaves as compared to other types of daffodils which have flat leaves. Jonquils also tend to have clusters of several flowers, instead of just one bloom, along with a strong scent. Europe-Asia- garden hybrids. 1.1875 (Jonquila), 8.1896, 13.1900/1 (Narcissus tazetta ‘Soliel d’or’), 15.Camden North Rose gardens, in containers ner front verandah, NW corner garden

Neomarica caerulea is a rhizomatous plant with tall, attractive fans of evergreen foliage, blue flowers (ht to 1 m). Neomarica (walking iris, apostle’s iris or apostle plant – names also used for the related genus Trimezia) is a genus of plants in family Iridiceae  Brazil 8.1896 (syn. Marica coerules) 10.1855 (syn. Marica coerilla), 13.1900/1 (Neomarica caerulea Blue trellis garden

Neomarica gracilis (walking Iris) An evergreen low growing plant with blue and white Iris flowers forming on a long blade like stem. These stems may then touch the ground to set roots and propagate the size of the clump, hence the common name perhaps. Brazil.1A.1885 (Marica northiana) Central Shrubbery, Plough Inn

Neomarica longifolia syn. Trimezia martinicensis . Yellow flowering Neomarica. Very tough, pretty, easily propagated and reliable. Southern Mexico, Trinidad & Tobago, Martinique, South America. Eastern Border Garden, Central Shrub garden

Ornothogallum arabicum (Arabs eyes) Winter dormant, spring flowering bulb. White star shaped flowers with dark centre on a tall stem. Naturalized but not happily. South Africa. 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 8.1896, 10.1855, 13.1900/1 North Rose garden, Central lawn and borders.

Phormium tenax var. ‘Bronze Baby’ (New Zealand flax). These tall,tough plants have long bronze coloured leaf blades , seem reluctant to start in our often moist conditions on acidic soil. There are many foliage colour varieties of this common and popular landscaping plant. 1.1875 (3 var.),1A.1885 (2 var.) 10.1855 Front Embankment.

Proiphys cunninghamii. (Brisbane lily) Originally gathered [by Allan Cunningham] in the year 1824, on the banks of the Brisbane River. We have one sad specimen but will retrial near Araucarias where the original type was collected. Western gardens Hydrangea Walk

Polianthes tuberosa grows in elongated spikes up to 45 cm (18 in) long that produce clusters of fragrant waxy white flowers that bloom from the bottom towards the top of the spike. It has long, bright green leaves clustered at the base of the plant and smaller, clasping leaves along the stem Mexico,  Front Path Garden

Sparaxis (Harlequin lower) Sparaxis tricolor has bright red flowers with yellow and black centres. Many named hybrid cultivars were bred from S. bulbifera and S. tricolor. endemic to Cape Province, South Africa. NW Corner garden

Sprekelia formosissima (Jacobean lily), Naturalizing low growing deciduous bulb with complex orchid like red flowers. Rarely flowers but persists in 2017 Mexico. 1.1875, 1A.1885, 13.1900/1 Front path garden

Strelitzia reginae (Bird of Paradise).A tall, tough, evergreen plant has long leaf blades and a remarkable orange/blue flower on a tall spike. Statuesque in a subtropical garden. Previously considered as a species of Heliconia, and named Strelitzia, in honour of Queen Charlotte (Von Strelitz). Introduced to the royal garden at Kew by Sir Joseph Banks in the year 1773. Strelitzia reginae was part of a consignment sent to Camden Park NSW from Kew by John Bidwill in November 1843 South Africa.1.1875, 1A.1885, 12.1962, 13.1900/1,15.Camden Pandorea trellis near back stairs.

Tigridia parvonia (Jockey Cap Day lily) low growing deciduous bulb with brightly coloured and patterned spring flowers. Described in Andrews’ Botanical Repository as Ferraria pavonia in 1801.  Tigridia species are known as ‘el cacomite’ in Mexico and grown for food rather than ornament. Mexico 13.1900/1,15.Camden Beside path below back Verandah NOT EMERGED IN 2016-7

Tritonia crocata These winter dormant- spring flowering bulbs have beautiful pink and white varieties in our garden. Although naturalized in site, they will certainly need division to bring back flowering. Plant resembling freesia in size and form. South Africa. 1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 8.1896, 10.1855, 13.1900/1 North Rose gardens NOT EMERGED AFTER 2016

Tulbaghia violacea (society garlic). and variegated form A very reliable and pretty low growing plant which forms clumps which are easily divided for the front of beds or underplanting roses. There are a number of garden varieties including variegated leaf forms. Strong garlic odour to crushed foliage. South Africa 8.1896 South Rose gardens, front Path garden.

Zantedeschia aethiopica var.“white arum”,“green goddess” syn.Calla aethiopica, Syn. Richardia aethiopica These have been disappointing in our garden, probably because our wet times are interspersed with very dry periods when these plants get too dry. Also our soil is acidic which may have some bearing. Introduced to Britain in 1731, in catalogues of Camden Park NSW from 1843. South Africa 15.Camden East Border Garden

Zantedeschia (calla lily) The names of our varieties have been lost and our conditions do not seem to suit these otherwise beautiful flowering plants. Winter dormant, summer flowering South Africa- garden hybrids.13.1900/1 Hydrangea Walk

Zepharanthes candida (white rain lily) These reliable low growing plants reappear and flower during wet weather after many years.   This species was sent to the Horticultural Society in 1823, from Peru, where it was collected by Mr. Cowan. Western hemisphere. 1.1875, 1A.1885, 13.1900/1,15.Camden Front Path Gardens, Near stone Circle

Zepharanthes rosea syn. Habranthus robustus. Evergreen, as with the white rain lily beautiful pink trumpets appear over these low growing plants after rain. Self seed easily. Introduced to Europe in 1827 South America.1.1875 (Habranthus rosea) 8.1896 (Habranthus robustus), 13.1900/1,15.Camden Front Path Garden, SE corner of house

Zepheranthes citrina (Yellow Rain Lily) A species of bulbous perennial belong to the family Amaryllidaceae.  Zephyranthes citrina was described by Baker and published in Botanical Magazine 108: pl. 6605, in 1882 Mexico Front Path Garden

Welcome to our country Garden at Montville in Queensland