Inventory of Australian Plants “The Shambles”

AUSTRALIAN PLANTS (see also in “TREES” section) ‘The Shambles 2018.

Key for historic reference notations to Plant entries:

“Catalogue of the Plants in the Queensland Botanic Gardens”. Walter Hill, Government Printer, Brisbane 1875.                            1. 1875

“Catalogue of Plants in the two Metropolitan Gardens, The Brisbane Botanic Garden and Bowen Park (The Garden of the Queensland Acclimatization Society). Frederick Manson Bailey, Colonial Botonist, Government Printer, Brisbane 1885                                     1A. 1885

“Designed Landscapes in Queensland, 1859-1939”, Jean Sim, QUT, 1999, APPENDIX G, referred to the following plant lists:

“The Flower garden in Queensland, containing concise and practical instructions for the Cultivation of the flower garden. And the management of Pot Plants in Australia”, Albert Hockings, Slater & Co, Brisbane, 1875                                                                     2. 1875

“Cultural Industries in Queensland: Papers on the Cultivation of Useful Plants suited to the climate of Queensland:their value as food, in the arts, and in medicine; and methods of Obtaining their products” Lewis Bernays, Government printer, Brisbane , 1883, (pp 201-207, The Shade of trees)                                                                     3. 1883

“Tree Planting for Shade and Ornament: Suggestions for teachers and others interested in the Planting of Trees” Edward Shelton, Dept of Agriculture, Government Printer, Brisbane, Bulletin 17, 1892

List: Philip McMahon, Brisbane Botanic gardens Curator     4a.  1892

        Ebenezer Cowley, Overseer, State Nursery, Kamerunga4b.  1892

        J S Edgar , Botanic gardens , Rockhampton                 4c.   1892

        William Soutter, Manager , Acclimatization society      4d.   1892

“General Catalogue of Seeds, Plants, bulbs, Tubers, trees, Climbers, etc.” Samuel Eaves, Howard, printer, Brisbane, 1897           5.    1897

“Queenslander” under ‘Horticulture’ section ‘Shrubs’, William Soutter, 18/12/1897 pp 1181                                                            6.    1897

“General descriptive Catalogue for 1874, of Fruit trees, Shrubs, Ornamental and forest trees, Etc. etc” Charles Wyatt, Frogmore Nursery, Geelong 1874                                                          7.    1874

“1896 Catalogue of Flower roots”. Law, Somner & Co., Melbourne, 1896                                                                                      8.   1896

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale by Michael Guilfoyle” Exotic Nursery, Double bay, Sydney 1851                                                       9.   1851

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale at the Victoria Nursery, Richmond” George Brunning, Melbourne, 1855                                                  10.  1855

“Report on the Progress and Condition of the Botanic Garden and Government Plantations, 1873”, R.Schomburgk, W.C.Cox: Government Printer, Adelaide, 1874                                                          11.  1874

“Botanic Gardens, Brisbane, Catalogue of Plants 1962”, Brisbane city Council, Brisbane, 1962                                                        12. 1962

“Federation Gardens: Plant lists, Compiled from Searl & Sons General Catalogue 1901, Seeds, Plants & Bulbs for Sydney; Pearce Bros.Descriptive Catalogue and Guide 1900; Robert Little & Co’s Catalogue of Flower seeds Sydney 1900: Rumsey’s 1882 Catalogue (Roses) Sydney 1882                    13. 1900/1

“Talgai Homestead, Plant Ledger, commenced in 1868-1907 by Ellen and George Clark. Additions after 1907-1942 George Carr Clark, 1945-1965 Bardwell”                                                                     14. 1868                                       ,Hortus camdenensis: an illustrated catalogue of plants collected by Sir William Macarthur at Camden Park, NSW, Australia between about c.1820 & 1861 / by Colin Mills     15. Camden

“The Garden Plants of China” Peter Valder, Florilegium, Sydney 1999      16. China

Abrophyllum ornans (Native hydrangea) Slowly establishing in North facing garden Northern Borders -Plough Inn

Ajuga australis (Australian Bugle) Low growing ground cover plant, evergreen, shade tolerant.1A.1885 Coral Fountain, Rock garden

Anigozanthus x hybrid “Bush Pearl”  red-pink flowering Kangaroo paw     North West Corner garden

Anigozanthos x hydrid ‘Tenacity’  Yellow flowering  NW Corner garden

Anigozanthos x hybrid ‘Bush Ballad’ Red Flowering  NW Corner

Archirhodomyrtus beckleri “fruity” (Edna Walling Rose myrtle) lovely delicate foliage like abelia, tiny white flowers, prominent mauve stamens. Requires pruning to remain at shrub size. Eastern coastal Australia South Rose garden

Austromyrtus inophloia “blushing beauty” Lovely burgundy new foliage compact shrub if pruned. Is tolerating a semi-shaded position. Eastern Australia Orchid Walk

Backhousia citriodora (Lemon Scented Myrtle, or Lemon Ironwood) Tree or shrub with lemon scented foliage. Summer flowering Plough Inn, Northern Border.

1.1875, Hill lists 16 species of Banksia including B.dentata, B.ericifolia and B.spinulosa 1A.1885 B.integrifolia

Banksia ericafolia, hybrid spinulosa “Golden candles” Spectacular flowers. Tall shrub or small tree. Bird attracting. South East Coastal region  East of pool fence gardens

Banksia integrifolia locally indigenous Banksia which may be maintained as a large shrub but may become a large tree in our conditions. East Coastal regions 1A.1885 Blue trellis Garden, NW corner

1.1875, Hill lists 6 species and 3 varieties of Callistemon

Callistamon verminalis Although excessively shaded in our garden this bright red flowering bottlebrush has retained its vigour. Introduced to Britain in 1818. Watercourses in NSW & Qld. 13.1900/1,15.Camden Central Lawn and borders

Callistemon viminalis “Captain Cook”  Criss Cross Garden west

Callistemon viminalis “Red Accent”  East of Pool Fence

Callistamon citrinus We attempt to maintain these at shrub size through pruning in order to enjoy the scented foliage. East coastal region 1A.1885 (C.lanceolatus) Pathway to Blue trellis garden

Dampiera purpurea  Small perennial suckering herb that reaches 1 to 1.5 metres high and can spread to 2 metres across.  Purple flowers   Nr Trachelospermum arch/Araucaria walk Eastern Australia

Darwinia citrodora “lemon scented myrtle” This plant struggles to survive in our wet summer conditions when there is shade from competing plants. South West Australia Lost in Wet Weather Stone circle garden

Dianella laevis (smooth flax lily) Clump forming Australian plant with small blue flowers followed by blue berries. Other Dianella species available Australia 1A.1885 (D.caerulea, ensifolia, laevis) Central Shrub garden, Blue trelis garden

Dianella variegatum Variegated cultivar of Dianella North Rose garden

Dodonaea viscosa (hop bush)A species of flowering plant in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae, that has a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia          Very attractive, open small shrub with a small club shaped leaf .Eastern Australia 1A.1885 (D.triquetra).Blue trellis garden  North West Corner Garden (behind Chair)

Doryanthes excelsa (Gymea lily or spear lily), stiff evergreen leaves form large rosettes with a tall spear carrying a red flower. Introduced to Britain in 1800. Somewhat surprisingly this plant imported back into Camden Park from Britain and was received per the ship ‘Sovereign’ February 1831. It was endemic nearby.  NSW and Queensland 1.1875, 1A.1885, 15.Camden Near fernery-Orchid Walk

Eucalyptus spp. 1A.1885 (6 species incl. E.maculata, E.tereticornis, E.tessellaris from Queensland), 13.1900/1 Northern Border-Plough Inn

Grevillea ( G.formosa N.T. x G. ‘Honey gem’)var. “Golden Lyre” This spectacular plant has golden yellow flowers on branches which arch over then reflex upward to form the shape of a lyre. Queensland garden hybrid. Embankment East of Pool

1.1875, Hill lists 29 species and 2 varieties of Grevillea including Grevillea alba. 10.1855 (Grevillea ‘scarlet’), 1A.1885 (banksii, hilliana, macrostylus, oleoides, robusta)

Grevillea banksii Very tough parent of several common hybrid Grevilleas. Tall shrub to small tree, red bird attracting flowers in spring. Grevillea banksii is a native of barren hills in the Queensland colony, where it was discovered by Brown during Flinders’ voyage, and has since then been found by various collectors. It was almost certainly introduced to cultivation by Charles Moore in 1853 after a visit to Qld where he met Bidwill from Wide Bay Queensland coastal 1A.1885,13.1900/1,15.Camden Central Shrub Garden

Grevillea gaudichaudii x longifolia “Fanfare”  Prostrate grevillea with deeply lobed leaves with reddish new growth and burgundy toothbrush flowers in spring-summer                   Front Embankment Eastern end.  Eastern Australia

Grevillea glossadenia x venusta “Orange Marmalade”  North West Corner garden/border

Grevillea whiteana “Moonlight   North West Corner garden/border

Grevillea (G.Superb and G.Moonlight) “Flamingo”  Pink   North West Corner garden/border

Grevillea longistyla x venusta  “Firesprite” North West Corner garden/border

Grevillea hybrids Embankment East of Pool

 “Pink Surprise” (Tall mid pink) (G.banksii x G.from Mundubbera)

 “Moonlight” (white/cream)  (G.banksii x G.whiteana)

 “Honey gem” (great yellow flowering) (G.banksii x G.pteridifolia)

“Sandra gordon” (yellow) (G.pteridifolia x G.sessilis)

Grevillea Juniperina var. “molongolo” prostrate needle like foliage trailing over a wall, unusual caramel yellow fan shaped flowers.Stone circle garden

Grevillea (G.venusta x G.glossadenia) var. “orange marmalade” An interesting shrub with ovate leaf and small orange flowers. Bred 1980s NSW South Rose garden

Graptophyllum excelsum is a shrub or small tree 1.5m to 8m high, usually no more than 4m, with multiple stems. It is found in dry vine thickets usually on soils derived from limestone. The leaves are about 3cm x 1cm and borne in opposite pairs. they are dark shiny green and spathulate (shaped like a spatula, with a broad tip and tapering to the base).

Graptophyllum ilicifolium,(Holly fuschia) this is a reliable large shrub with holly leaves and red flowers in spring. May form an interesting hedge, self seeds East coast Australia 1A.1885 Central Shrub garden

Hardenbergia violacea syn. H. monophylla is a species of flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to Australia from Queensland to Tasmania. It is known in Australia by the common names false sarsaparilla, purple coral pea, happy wanderer, native lilac and waraburra (which comes from the Kattang language). Elsewhere it is also called vine lilac  or lilac vine.     scrambling or twining plant with mauve pea like flowers 1.1875 (3 species), 1A.1885 (H.monophylla), 7.1897 Front Embankment, western end .  Nr Trachelospermum arch/Araucaria walk

Hibbertia scandens Guinea flower family Dilleniaceae, native to Australia but widely cultivated. Growing to 4 m in length, it is a climbing or sprawling evergreen shrub with glossy leaves and solitary, bright yellow flowers. Genus named for George Hibbert, a patron of botany. NW corner garden

Hovea acutifolia  (5)   Pointed leaf Hovea   Wet forests and rainforest margins from south-east Queensland to the central cost of New South Wales. Genus names after Anton Hove, a botanical collector.    Criss Cross path Garden, Western Hydrangea walk under window, North West Corner Garden

Hovea longifolia  (5)    Round leaf Hovea This native pea develops into an upright, medium shrub. The leaves are linear to oblong, dark green above and paler beneath. In spring, bluish-purple flowers appear in clusters of two or three along the branchlets.            North West Corner Garden,  Araucaria walk  New South Wales Queensland

Lagunaria patersonii Lagunaria is a monotypic genus distantly related to Hibiscus. The genus was named in honour of Andres de Laguna (d. 1560), a Spanish botanist (and physician to Pope Julius III), and the species in honour of a Colonel W. Paterson who first sent the seeds of the species to England.(Norfolk Island Hibiscus).North East Corner

Lomandra longifolia “mat rush” “Spiny Mat Rush”.  Perennial, rhizomatous herb. Leaves are glossy green, shiny, firm, flat. They can grow from 40cm up to 1m long and 8-12mm wide and are usually taller than the flowering stem. Leaf bases are broad with yellow, orange or brownish margins and the tips of the leaves are prominently toothed.    Grass like clumps provide seed for birds and adds structural interest. Coastal zone Blue trellis garden Near Back stairs, North West Corner Garden

Macaranga tanarius Evergreen rainforest shrub to small tree which favours edges of rainforest of marginal disturbed sites. Large heart shaped leaves. 1A.1885 Rainforest garden

1.1875, hill lists 12 species of Melaleuca, 1A.1885 M.linarifolia

Melaleuca quinquernervia. (broad leafed paperbark)Common well known small tree with paper bark which is shed in sheets. Although endemic on watercourses ours has established in a free draining garden setting. Eastern Australia Path to Blue trellis garden

Murraya panniculata (orange jessamine) Tough and well known common evergreen garden landscaping plant. Perfumed white flowers in summer. The species appears to be a great favourite with the Chinese. Introduced to Britain as M. paniculata in 1823. China, India to Northern Australia 1.1875 (M.crenulata), 1A.1885 (M.panniculata), 9.1851 (M.exotica? India), 13.1900/1,15.Camden North East Corner gardens, East Border gardens, Front Path garden

Orthosiphon stamineus (cats whisker), Evergreen erect shrub with white or mauve flower spikes with long, fine stamens. Very decorative. 1.1875 Northe east Corner of House, Stone Circle garden, gatehouse, North Rose garden

Phyllanthus multiflorus Low growing plant with fern like foliage and interesting very small flowers along the thin stems. Grown for foliage or for hedging. Australia 1A.1885 (3 exotic spp and P.ferdinandi) Central Shrub garden

Prostanthera ovalifolia  oval-leaf mintbush or purple mintbush, Flowers are mauve or a deep purple blue, occurring between August and November. Its native distribution is in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.    Rainforest garden near path

Prostanthera sieberi “Minty”    Small upright compact shrub. Full Sun to Part Shade    Tubular violet profuse spring early summer with mint fragrance.   Rainforest garden near path

Randia fitzalani,(native gardenia, yellow mangosteen) Very slow to establish in our cool hill-top garden and probably with too much shade. Coastal north Queensland 1A.1885 Rain forest Garden west of the two old Persimmons

Stenocarpus augustifolia “Doreen” Fern like foliage and clusters of cream flowers  Near Wishing well

In reference 4, Shelton &  McMahon 1892 refer to Eugenia smithii, syn.Acmena smithii syn. Syzygium or ‘lilly pilly’, 1A.1885 (E.grandis, E.myrtifolia or scrub Cherry, E.smithii, E.ventenatii), 13.1900/1

Syzygium (“Lilly-pillys) There are areas in our own garden where unidentified foundling Syzygium spp have grown to large size. These are decribed elsewhere in our section on trees. Acmena smithii was introduced to Britain in 1790 by Sir Joseph Banks. Our confusion over a number of unnamed “Lily Pillys” along the garden borders and in the rain forest garden is compounded by the use of synonyms e.g Acmena syn. Eugenia syn. Syzygium syn Angophera in some references. 15.Camden Northern Borders, North End of Driveway, Blue trellis garden

Syzygium leuhmanii var. “weeping Gem” lovely small dissected leaves, weeping habit. Requires pruning to maintain habit and shrub size. Eastern Australia Blue trellis garden

Syzygium leuhmanii var. “Pink Cascade” Quite a spectacular form, foliage and beautiful  pink flowers. Needs to be pruned to retain shrub size. Garden hybrid Northern Borders-plough Inn, South East corner-Stone circle

Syzygium australe var. “Resilience” A hedging variety apparently hybridized to be resistant to foliage damage by psyllids. White flowers followed by red edible fruit. Ours seem to be psyllid damaged in any case. Australia garden hybrid Criss-Cross garden

 Waterhousia floribunda “weeping lillypilly” A beautiful large tree which needs a lot of restraint if intended for hedging or the garden. White flowers followed by greenish fruit 4.1892 (Eugenia ventenatii) Northern borders

Westringia fruticosa syn. W.rosmariniformis,(Coastal rosemary) A common landscaping plant with many commercial varieties. Accepts pruning to form a low hedge. Coastal Eastern Australia 1.1875 (W.rosmarinifolius), 7.1897 Stone Circle garden lost in wet weather

Westringea fruiticosa “ Wynyabbie Gem”         North west Corner garden

Viola hederacea (native violet). Carpeting groundcover in shaded positions carrying mauve and white flowers throughout the year. Eastern Australia and Malaysia 1A.1885, 13.1900/1 Stone circle Garden, Central Shrub garden

Vitex trifolia variegata Deciduous bush or small tree with three leaflets, variagated margin and blue to purple flowers. South Eastern Australia Central Shrub garden 1A.1885