Inventory of Vines “The Shambles”

VINES at “The Shambles” 2020

Key for historic reference notations to Plant entries:

“Catalogue of the Plants in the Queensland Botanic Gardens”. Walter Hill, Government Printer, Brisbane 1875.                            1. 1875

“Catalogue of Plants in the two Metropolitan Gardens, The Brisbane Botanic Garden and Bowen Park (The Garden of the Queensland Acclimatization Society). Frederick Manson Bailey, Colonial Botonist, Government Printer, Brisbane 1885                                     1A. 1885

“Designed Landscapes in Queensland, 1859-1939”, Jean Sim, QUT, 1999, APPENDIX G, referred to the following plant lists:

“The Flower garden in Queensland, containing concise and practical instructions for the Cultivation of the flower garden. And the management of Pot Plants in Australia”, Albert Hockings, Slater & Co, Brisbane, 1875                                                                     2. 1875

“Cultural Industries in Queensland: Papers on the Cultivation of Useful Plants suited to the climate of Queensland:their value as food, in the arts, and in medicine; and methods of Obtaining their products” Lewis Bernays, Government printer, Brisbane , 1883, (pp 201-207, The Shade of trees)                                                                     3. 1883

“Tree Planting for Shade and Ornament: Suggestions for teachers and others interested in the Planting of Trees” Edward Shelton, Dept of Agriculture, Government Printer, Brisbane, Bulletin 17, 1892

List: Philip McMahon, Brisbane Botanic gardens Curator     4a.  1892

        Ebenezer Cowley, Overseer, State Nursery, Kamerunga4b.  1892

        J S Edgar , Botanic gardens , Rockhampton                 4c.   1892

      William Soutter, Manager , Acclimatization society      4d.   1892

“General Catalogue of Seeds, Plants, bulbs, Tubers, trees, Climbers, etc.” Samuel Eaves, Howard, printer, Brisbane, 1897           5.    1897

 “Queenslander” under ‘Horticulture’ section ‘Shrubs’, William Soutter, 18/12/1897 pp 1181                                                            6.    1897

“General descriptive Catalogue for 1874, of Fruit trees, Shrubs, Ornamental and forest trees, Etc. etc” Charles Wyatt, Frogmore Nursery, Geelong 1874                                                          7.    1874

“1896 Catalogue of Flower roots”. Law, Somner & Co., Melbourne, 1896                                                                                      8.   1896

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale by Michael Guilfoyle” Exotic Nursery, Double bay, Sydney 1851                                                       9.   1851

“Catalogue of Plants for Sale at the Victoria Nursery, Richmond” George Brunning, Melbourne, 1855                                                  10.  1855

“Report on the Progress and Condition of the Botanic Garden and Government Plantations, 1873”, R.Schomburgk, W.C.Cox: Government Printer, Adelaide, 1874                                                          11.  1874

“Botanic Gardens, Brisbane, Catalogue of Plants 1962”, Brisbane city Council, Brisbane, 1962                                                        12. 1962

“Federation Gardens: Plant lists, Compiled from Searl & Sons General Catalogue 1901, Seeds, Plants & Bulbs for Sydney; Pearce Bros.Descriptive Catalogue and Guide 1900; Robert Little & Co’s Catalogue of Flower seeds Sydney 1900: Rumsey’s 1882 Catalogue (Roses) Sydney 1882                    13. 1900/1

“Talgai Homestead, Plant Ledger, commenced in 1868-1907 by Ellen and George Clark. Additions after 1907-1942 George Carr Clark, 1945-1965 Bardwell”                                                                     14. 1868                                       ,Hortus camdenensis: an illustrated catalogue of plants collected by Sir William Macarthur at Camden Park, NSW, Australia between about c.1820 & 1861 / by Colin Mills     15. Camden

“The Garden Plants of China” Peter Valder, Florilegium, Sydney 1999      16. China

Akebia quinata chocolate vine, five-leaf chocolate vine, or five-leaf akebia, vigorous twining, semi-evergreen climbing shrub with attractive palmate or trifoliate leaves and racemes of cup-shaped purplish female and smaller male flowers, followed by large, sausage-shaped fruits Akebia introduced into cultivation 1845 by Robert Fortune during his first visit to China, from the island of Chusan, southeast of Shanghai. By the mid nineteenth century A. quinata was widely known to ornamental horticulturists in both Europe and the USA. Its ability to rapidly provide cover in either sun or shade for trellises, fences and walls meant that it was sought after as a landscape ornamental recognising the virtues and hardiness of Akebia, along with Clematis and Wisteria native to Japan, China and Korea. NW Garden trellis

Allamanda cathartica hybrid “Winter Velvet”. A trailing or climbing plant with crimson through to red flowers in winter, becoming paler in summer. Garden hybrid, originally from tropical Americas.1.1875 (8 species Allamanda), 6.1897, 9.1851, 13.1900/1 Fernery LOST 2020 to be replaced

Antigonon leptopus  Corallita or Coral Vine, is a fast-growing climbing vine that holds on via tendrils,it forms underground tubers and large rootstocks. It is a prolific seed producer. Herbarium data suggest that corallita  had been introduced in the Caribbean since at least the mid-19th century from Mexico. The earliest record for a naturalized population in the US is in Harris Co., Texas in 1914  From Mexico Trellis Central Shrub Garden with Pseudocalymma.

Aphanopetalum resinosum (gum vine) is a member of the family Cunoniaceae and was first described by the Austrian botanist Endlicher in 1839. It is a twining climber found in rainforest or wet forest areas of Queensland and New South Wales. Aphanopetalum resinosum is a useful foliage plant for shaded corners of the garden, with the added features of delicate flowers and attractive fruits. As a stem twiner it needs support to raise itself above ground level but if a rambling habit is preferred it will fulfil this role. NW rainforest garden

Asarina barclaiana syn. Maurandya barclaiana A slender twining and self seeding plant. Mauve flowers freely bourne in summer. Can ‘volunteer’ throughout the garden, requiring some control. Introduced to Britain from Mexico in 1825 when seeds of it were received by Robert Barclay, Esq. Maurandia Barclayana was ticked in a Camden copy of the Horticultural Register, August 1831.  Mexico.1.1875 (Maurandya barclayana), 1A.1885 (M.barclayana) 7.1897, 10.1855, 15.Camden Wisteria trellis

Callerya megasperma, Native wisteria, is a species of vine in the family Fabaceae native to eastern Australia. It was initially described as Wistaria megasperma by Ferdinand von Mueller in 1859 from a specimen collected at Richmond River. This twining vine is native to northern coastal NSW and southern Queensland, so suits sub-tropical areas. It bears large trusses of purple pea flowers in late winter to spring, which resemble the exotic wisteria, but this vine is an evergreen. It has handsome glossy leaves, so is attractive even when not in flower. It is a good butterfly attracting plant. It can grow tall, scrambling to the top of trees in the wild, but can be controlled with regular pruning.NW rainforest corner

Chonemorpha fragrans (climbing frangipani) Deciduous thick stemmed climber, or trailing plant. Single cream-white flowers resembling ‘frangipani’ in summer. Chonemorpha is a genus that consists of large evergreen vigorous woody vines with milky sap from India, Sri Lanka, to Southeast Asia, the Philippines and South China. Growing dormant in sub-tropical and tropical climates and usually losing leaves India-Malaya Eastern Border Trellis around water tank

Cissus discolor, (rex begonia vine), A vine with ornamental foliage resembling the Rex Begonias. The veins of this plants leaves are silvery-white, providing a stark contrast against the leaves. The leaf undersides, leaf stalks, and stems are red. When the leaves appear first, the bottoms and tops may look even purplish or completely red. Once they mature, the tops start to become green, while the stems begin tanning. This vine is a species of Cissus found in Java, then throughout Southeast Asia in China, India, Vietnam and Thailand at elevations of 600–2000 meters. It is a jungle plant requiring moisture and warm conditions. Under our Cassia fistula DID NOT SURVIVE WINTER 2021

Clerodendron speciosissimum syn. C.fallax (mauve bleeding heart vine) Reminiscent of C.thompsonii but less invasive. Tall growing shrub or climbing plant. Introduced to Britain in 1835.  It was obtained for Camden Park NSW from Kew Gardens as Clerodendrum fallax, brought out from England by Captain P. P. King in 1849 and it had also been requested of Loddiges’, 1848.  South Africa.15.Camden Pool Yard

Clitorea ternata (butterfly pea) Evergreen climber with royal blue flower in summer Tropical Asia.1.1875, 1A.1885, 9.1851 Replaced annually if possible. Will self seed and return spontaneously.

Dalechampia aristolochiifolia (Purple Wings or Pink Bows) – A fast growing vine that has light green 5 inch long rough-textured heart-shaped leaves. The “blooms” have small yellow male and reddish brown female flowers in a structure called a pseudanthia. Like the related Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima), the flowers are overshadowed by two large surrounding purple bracts. The genus honors 16th century French physician and writer Jacobus Dalechampius, also known as Jacques d’ Alechamp. Peru  East Border garden

Dipladenia sanderi syn. Mandevilla sanderi Red and white flowering cultivar of lax shrub, twining creeper .Fernery, Central Shrub Gardens

Epipremnum pinnatum is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae. An Australian native aroid found along the Queensland coast Like their Monstera cousins they have a climbing habit and in the wild they attach themselves to trees in an effort to find more light in the rainforest.

Ficus stipulacca syn F.pumila (creeping fig) A tough plant but also a potential nuisance. 1A.1885, 10,1855 Archway Back Stairs

Gelsemium Sempervirens (Carolina Jessamine) These sprawling vines are native to the south-eastern United States where winters are mild and summers are hot. Carolina Jessamine vines are covered with clusters of fragrant, yellow flowers in late winter and spring. The flowers are followed by seed capsules that ripen slowly over the remainder of the season. All parts of this plant produces potent toxins containing strychnine related alkyloids. It is poisonous to humans and honey bees. In homeopathic Materia Medica, Gelsemium sempervirens (Loganaceae) is described as a remedy for a variety of neurological and behavioral symptoms including general prostration, drowsiness, tiredness, mental apathy, lack of muscular coordination and discomfort when confronted with novelty or unfamiliar situations;  USA  trellis on concrete tank, back stairs

Gloriosa superba Family Colchicaceae Common Names Glory lily, Climbing lily, Creeping lily, Fire lily, Flame lily, Gloriosa, Gloriosa lily, Rhodesian flame lily. A scrambling or climbing plant with stems growing up to 4 m long. Its shiny bright green leaves are alternately arranged, stalkless, and usually have short tendrils (1-2 cm long) at their tips. Its showy flowers have six large ‘petals’ (5-8 cm long) that are usually bright red or orange with yellow markings. Their ‘petals’ have wavy edges and are strongly turned backwards. Its fruit are fleshy capsules (3-10 cm long and 1-2 cm wide) containing many large (4-5 mm long), round, reddish seeds. All parts of this plant are toxic to humans and animals if ingested especially the fleshy tubers. They are native in tropical and southern Africa to Asia. Persimmon walk

Hardenbergia violacea

Hardenbergia violacea rosea . As with most Hardenbergias, ‘violacea rosea’ is typically a climbing plant. The branches coil around the stems of other plants. Although it is moderately vigorous it rarely covers other plants so extensively as to cause damage. The leaves are dark, glossy green 75-100 mm in length. Soft pink pea shaped flowers occur in heavy pendant clusters in spring. Endemic to Western Australia. Prefers a light to medium soil in an open sunny position, drought and frost resistant. 2 specimens West boundary Fernery as understory

Hedera hibernica ? helix (Irish ?English Ivy). Evergreen clinging climber or ground cover grown for foliage form.  May be invasive if allowed to spread outside area of use.  An ancient garden plant.  Western Europe.1A.1885 (3 varieties), 7.1897 (H.helix), 10.1855 (H.helix),15.Camden Over concrete tank near driveway

Hoya carnosa var. compacta (Indian Rope). Hoya with reflexing and folding glaucous leaves. Asia 10.1855 Fernery

Hoya carnosa A twining climber with glaucous leaves and pendulous flower clusters of interesting dusky colours including pink. Resents overwatering or disturbance of growing shoots. Introduced to in Britain in 1802 Australia, India, China, Pacific. 1A.1885 (5 species), 7.1897, 13.1900/1 Hydrangea walk, Blue trellis garden

Hoya kerrii (Sweet heart plant) large heart shaped leaves, white flowers. A specimen was collected by Arthur Francis George Kerr 1910 in or 1911 in the mountains west of Chiang Mai (Northern Thailand) at an altitude of 390 m above sea level. It was transplanted to Kew Gardens where it flourished in August 1911 South East Asia Orchid walk

Hoya pauciflora This genus was named by botanist Robert Brown, in honour of his friend, botanist Thomas Hoy.  Hoya pauciflora it was described in 1841. This one can be grown either hanging or wrapped around a support. I’ve tried both and hanging is definitely the easiest way to grow this hoya. The leaves are very narrow, the length varies from 3-9 cm but the width is no more than 1 cm. The leaves are often a little curved, have lowered center veins and some flecks. The colour is mostly dark green, but if grown in bright sunlight the leaves get paler green. It’s said that this hoya needs cooler temperatures to develop the beautiful white flowers with small red coronas. These flowers are 2.5 cm each and they grow mostly one by one. They have a fresh fragrance, produce small drops of nectar and last almost two weeks. India (Malabar, Kerala), Sri Lanka

Hoya kentiana best suitable for growing as a hanging plant. It has a thin light green stalk. The stringbean like leaves are very narrow, dark green and almost “bent” along the leaf. The size of the leaves are 3″ to 5″ long and 0.5″ wide. The flowers are downy balls with reddish lilac backwards bend petals and darker corona. The flower stalk can become up to 1″ to 2″ long and the single flower stalk about 1″.– Philippines

Ipomea horsfalliae syn. I. ternata (cardinal creeper) Deciduous vine with brilliant carmine red flower clusters. A twiner which may need support. Seeds were reportedly received by Charles Horsfall, either from Africa? or from the East Indies?, and raised by his very skillful gardener, Mr. Henry Evans, at Everton, where the plants produced their lovely blossoms in great profusion during the months of December and January 1833-4.  This is a winter bloomer. The ruby red to magenta-violet flowers, 4 – 7 cm in diameter. Tropical vine is named for Charles Horsfall (1776-1846), an avid botanist who was Lord Mayor of Liverpool, and whose wife, Dorothy, was a noted botanical artist. This spectacular plant is a native of South America (Brazil, Guyana, Surinam and Venezuela), and has also become naturalized in the humid forests of the Caribbean, especially in Jamaica. It is also very common, and now naturalized, in Hawaii, where it was introduced by Prince Kuhio (1871-1922). In its native range the plant is almost solely fertilized by hummingbirds, and where these are lacking or scarce, fruiting seldom occurs. Most parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested. Arch East Border garden. SE Corner Car garage. Brazil, Guyana, Surinam and Venezuela.1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897 Driveway, car garage

Jasminium in 1885 Brisbane catalogue incl 7 species. J.grandiflorum, hirsutum, nudiflorum, officinale, revolutum, sambac and simplicifolia.

Jasminium nitidum (windmill Jasmine) A low shrub or twining climber with shiny foliage and star shapred flowers in spring summer.7.1897 Fenced Rose garden, Gatehouse

Jasminium polyanthum (Chinese jasmine) Vigorous twining and climbing plant with intensely fragrant white flowers in clusters in spring. An evergreen which may be used to cover a structure or fence China.7.1897 (J.grandiflorum?, J.gracilis), 9.1851 Eastern Borders.

Jasminum sambac, J. sambac hybrid “Grand Duke of Tuscany” Beautiful fragrance from single flowers on woody climber or low shrub. The hybrid ‘Grand Duke’ has double flowers that do not open completely. It may have been in the royal garden at Hampton-Court at the end of the seventeenth century; but it was little known in Europe till it was imported from the East-Indies to the garden belonging to the academy at Pisa, about the year 1691. South and south west Asia.1A.1885, 7.1897 (J.zambac), 9.1851, 15.Camden Back Verandah, Eastern borders, South Rose garden

Kennedia nigricans black coral pea is a vigorous Western Australian climbing plant with unusual black and yellow flowers and handsome dark green foliage. Use it as a feature climber on fences and other structures or as a ground cover. Give it a trim after it flowers if you feel it is needed to tidy up the plant Black Coral Pea (Kennedia nigricans) This is a vigorous Australia native climber or fast spreading ground cover with lobed dark green leaves and attractive black and yellow pea flowers. It is a very rampant plant which needs room to grow and is probably best kept away from buildings and trees, however it is useful for quick coverage of ugly fences or banks. It is a hardy plant, tolerant of drought, light frost and shade, Anthurium walk

Lathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) well known annual climber with perfumed pea flowers of many garden varietal colours Southern Europe, garden Varieties 1A.1885 Containers annually

Lonicera japonica (honeysuckle) A strong climber and a traditional garden favourite. Lovely fragrance from cream-white flowers in spring-summer. May be invasive if escapes its location. China.1.1875 (9 species lonicera), 1A.1885 (5 species incl L.caprifolium, L.japonica), 7.1897, 10.1855, 14.1868 (conjuva, mauritana) Driveway Car garage

Lonicera x heckrottii (red honeysuckle) A garden hybrid honeysuckle with larger flowers containing crimson-red. Driveway Car Garage

Lonicera sempervirens (commonly known as coral honeysuckle, trumpet honeysuckle, or scarlet honeysuckle) It is a twining vine growing to 20 ft or more through shrubs and young trees. The leaves are produced in opposite pairs, oval, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm broad; the leaves immediately below the red flowers are perfoliate, joined at the base in a complete ring round the shoot.  eastern United States Central shrub garden

Lophospermum erubescens  formerly called Asarina and, confusingly, and Maurandya erubescens. It has the common names of either Climbing Foxglove, Creeping Gloxinia or Twining Snapdragon. It has felty heart shaped leaves and mid-pink flowers like foxgloves, which appear from July to October.  The earliest illustration of Lophospermum erubescens appeared in 1830 in The British Flower Garden. Lophospermum erubescens has been in cultivation since it was first formally described in 1830. Joseph Paxton wrote in 1836 that it was “a very fine creeper, and deserves growing by every lover of plants. Lophospermum and Maurandya are now regarded as distinct. Maurandya has smooth rather than hairy leaves with entire rather than toothed margins, and smaller flowers with a tube at most about 30 mm   Mexico  From Rowena,  Fenced Rose garden

Nepenthes St Gaya = Nepenthes khasiana x (ventricosa x maxima)  Nepenthes ventricosa = intermediate to highland 1000 – 2000m Nepenthes maxima = lowland to ultra highland 40 – 2600m  Nepenthes khasiana= lowland to intermediate 500 – 1500m   Native to tropical MalaysiaNepenthes x St. Gaya, is a compact, easy-to-grow hybrid of N. khsiana x (ventricosa x maxima). It is a vigorous growing carnivorous tropical pitcher plant with large upright pitchers with cherry red speckles on yellow-green backgrounds. The trap mouths are wide and oval. It’s parent species are quite adaptable, growing in the open or shade, among grasses and shrubs. It is very cold tolerant, but prefers warm, humid, bright conditions. It is quite good at catching large insects,   When re-potting your Nepenthes we use a mixture of 75% 5-10mm size orchid bark, and the other 25% made up of Sphagnum peat moss, sphagnum moss and perlite.   Or they can be grown in straight Sphagnum moss. Do not fertilize. Nepenthes require a high level of light to help produce pitchers/traps. Nepenthes do not like to be water logged, but do not like to dry out.  Water and let the water run through the pot.  During summer you will need to do this once a day, during winter – once or twice a week.  Blue Trellis Garden

Pandorea jasminoides syn. Bignonia jasminoides syn. Tecoma jasminoides A climbing plant with strong evergreen foliage and pink flowers. Other flower colour hybrids are available. According to Johnson’s Dictionary introduced to Britain in 1830. ‘A climbing shrub of humble growth, a native of Moreton Bay.’  Australia 1.1875 (?Bignonia jasminoides, 7 Bignonia spp), 1A.1885 (4 bignonia species and Tecoma jasminoides), 14.1868 (T.jasminoides),15.Camden

Pandorea jasminoides variegatum Cultivar of Australian rainforest climber with pink flowers and variegated foliage. Vigorous and reliable. (Variegated Bower Vine) – An evergreen vine with leaves split into 5-7 shiny oval leaflets that have a cream variegation. Funnel-shaped pure pink flowers with deeper-colored throats bloom in the summer through fall. Reaches heights of 20-30 feet tall. Garden hybrid Archway central shrub garden

Pandorea pandorana syn. Bignonia pandorana (Wonga Vine). Australian rainforest climber with cream-white tubular flowers in spring/summer. Andrews’ Botanical Repository figures Bignonia pandorana, collected on Norfolk Island and introduced by the nurserymen Lee and Kennedy in 1793.  Australia 15.Camden

Pandorea pandorana “Golden Showers”, (Wonga Vine). Yellow flowering hybrid of this Australian climber with golden flowers in spring/summer Garden hybrid Australia Archway at Back Stairs

Pandorea pandorana ‘Snowbells’ Wonga Wonga Vine A vigorous climber with dark green leaves and snow white flowers in a rush in spring and summer. This plant can be used as a ground cover but will also climb vigorously if given something to support it. The species was first described by English botanist  Henry Cranke Andrews in 1800 as Bignonia pandorana, before being given its current binomial name in 1928 by Steenis. Both the generic and specific name are derived from Greek mythological figure Pandora.  The Scottish botanist Robert Brown had described it as Tecoma australis but this name was ruled invalid. A form found in dryer inland regions was previously known as P. doratoxylon. West boundary Fernery groundcover.

Pararistolochia praevenosa Birdwing butterfly vine The birdwing butterfly vine is a climbing liane, with stems to 5 cm diameter, and ascend to 20 m. Stems from older vines often arise from rhizomes near the base. Corky bark forming raised, reticulated and elongate patterns develops on older stems. Flowers occur singly, on stalks or short racemes. The calyx is tubular, ca 2 cm long, slightly curved, the exterior with red-purplish veins and brown hairs; the opening has three inwardly yellow, petal-like segments. Flowering occurs mainly from September–November and, dependent on rainfall, unseasonally at other times. The key factors influencing occurrence are permanent soil moisture and nutrient enrichment from accumulation of humus. Pararistolochia praevenosa grows in association with rainforest plants requiring similar soils, moisture, shade, mulch, slopes, nutrients and other environmental conditions. These include Bangalow palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana), black bean (Castanospermum australe), lilly pillies (Syzygium spp.), hairy walnut (Endiandra pubens), bolwarra (Eupomatia laurina), blue quandong (Elaeocarpus grandis), figs (Ficus spp.), weeping lilly pilly (Waterhousea floribunda). We have planted ours with Barklya syringifolia.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia syn.Cissus hederacea Syn.Vitis hederacea Syn.Ampelopsis hederacea Syn. Ampelopsis quinquefolia  Syn. Hedera quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Beautiful deciduous cover clinging vine, typically used on walls and structures for lush green summer foliage turning red in autumn. Introduced to Britain in 1629. In the 1857 Camden Park NSW list. North America 15.Camden West side of House over bathroom walls

Petraeovitex bambusitrum syn P. wolfeii ‘Curtains of Gold’ ‘Wolfes Vine’  Vigourous climber with cream coloured flower bracts, discovered by Dr E D Wolfe in 1938 Malaysia, Southern Thailand. NW Corner Garden

Petrea volubis  Purple Wreath A woody climber with sandpapery leaves, and dramatic blue single flowers in spring. Front Embankment/House sign Central America.1.1875, 1A.1885, 9.1851 Gatehouse

Podraea rosea syn.Bignonia rosea (Rosea vine) deciduous woody climber. Pink trumpet shaped flowers bourne in summer. Will spread by suckers. Does not do well in our garden. Africa.1.1875 (7 Bignonia species) Criss Cross garden, Driveway Car Garage

Phaseolus caracalla syn. Vigna caracalla (snail creeper) A vigorous tendril climber with attractive mauve helical flowers giving the plant it’s name. Americas 1.1875, 1A.1885 Eastern Borders Archways Northa and South 

Phaseolus giganteus (Pink-White snail creeper) semi-deciduous tendril creeper, helical flowers South America Eastern Borders, on arch with Climbing Frangipani Lost 2015

Philodendron oxycardium A clinging plant with fleshy stems and large heart shaped leaves. Grown indoors in southern climates it forms an attractive tree climber in warm climate gardens. Tropical Americas, West Indies.Araucaria walk

Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Brazilian beauty) Attractive evergreen climber, beautiful mauve trumpet flowers in summer. Foliage has strong garlic scent. May invade via suckering. South America.1A.1885 (Adenocalymma nitidum?) Central Shrub garden trellis

Pyrostegia venusta syn. Pyrostegia ignea   Orange Trumpet vine. Flame vine is a rampant climber that carries cascades of bright orange tubular flowers. he plant from which the painting of P. venusta in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine was illustrated was collected in Brazil in 1815 by Admiral Sir John Beresford (Second Sea Lord and Conservative politician). The species was first described by John Miers in 1863 Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay.  Northwest Cornet garden West Fence

Quisqualis indica (Rangoon creeper) deciduous woody twiner with red and white flower panicles in summer and a magnificent sweet perfume. This may invade by suckering if unchecked. It was exhibited at the Horticultural Society under the name of Q. sinensis in july 1841. Listed in the 1850 and 1857 catalogues of Camden Park NSW. Tropical Asia 1A.1885, 9.1851.Eastern border Garden

Ruellia affinis (Wild Petunia)  The Wild Petunia is native of Brazil and is a shrub that grows to around 1 – 1.2 metres and has large red- orange trumpet type flowers approx. 75mm long. This plant is very attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.  This is an uncommon vining shrub and best when tipped to keep bushy. R. affinis will enjoy most soil types but prefers well drained moisture retentive soil. This is a rare winter blooming tropical Ruellia  Pinching out shoot tips will cause it to throw out lateral stems to form a more bushy plant to 3 feet. But, it also can be trained up a support to grow more vinelike. It blooms on older ripened growth. So give it time, light shade, adequate moisture, and warm temperatures. It sports 5 inch short-petioled elliptic leaves. Native to Bahia, Brazil, where it is found in moist forests.  east Border garden

Senecio macroglossus variegatus (variegated ivy) Twiner with variegated Ivy like foliage and yellow daisy flowers. A member of asteracea and not an ivy Tropical Americas 1A.1885 (7 species), 10.1855 (2 species) Driveway, pillar of garage.

Solanum jasminoides (Potato Creeper) A strong evergreen climber with small white star shaped flowers in summer. Introduced to Europe in 1838 via North America.  South America Brazil 1.1875 (35 species of Solanum shrubs and climbers), 1A.1885 (12 species), 9.1851, 15.Camden Fenced Rose garden

Solanum seaforthianum (blue potato creeper, Brazilian Nightshade) An evergreen climber similar to S.jasminoides beautiful blue flowers, followed by poisonous red berries. Self seeds and is invasive. Brazil Fenced Rose garden, Gatehouse.

Solanum wendlandii (Giant potato creeper), Blue potato creeper) Deciduous thorny woody twiner with beautiful blue flowers in early summer. South America.Driveway, pillar of Car garage

Stephanotis floribunda (Bridal Creeper) Strong semi-deciduous twiner with beautiful fragrant white bells and very large inedible pods.  According to Mabberly introduced to Australia by John Bidwill from Madagascar.  One plant was presented to the Sydney Botanic Garden by William Macarthur in1847 Madagascar. 1A.1885, 7.1897, 9.1851 Fenced Rose garden

Stictocardia beraviensis, syn. Ipomoea beraviensis  Hawaiian Bell, Hawaiian Sunset Vine, Braveheart Vine Origin: Tropical Africa, widely cultivated in Pacific

Tecomanthe dendrophylla Commercial label indicates T.hillii (Fraser Island creeper) Climber with support. Spectacular pendulous crimson –pink flower clusters. Twining tips resent handling and will die back. Australia.1A.1885 (Tecoma hillii) Eastern Borders, Trellis with blue snail creeper

Tecomanthe dendrophylla “Apricot Sunrise”. An apricot flowering Tecomanthe cultivar. Trellis NW corner rainforest garden.

Tecomanthe speciosa Twining vine with yellow flowers.  A solitary plant of Tecomanthe speciosa or the Three Kings vine was first discovered on the Three Kings Islands, 55 km off the northern tip of New Zealand, during a scientific survey in 1945. No other specimens have ever been found in the wild. May take 2-5 years to flower. Trellis NW corner /next to path

Thunbergia alata. (Black eyed Susan) A small leafed twiner with orange-yellow flowers with a black throat. First botanically described in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine in 1825,the name under which the seeds were received, given it by Mr. Bojer, a German botanist. Eastern Africa.1.1875 (7 species of Thunbergia), 1A.1885 Blue trellis garden

Thunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet or Skyflower) A prolofic vine  which we had over a car garage in our Sandgate house. The blue to mauve flowers are about 8 cm across with a 4 cm long tube that is pale yellow inside. These are followed by pods containing seeds that are ejected several metres upon ripening. Struck from cuttings from a derelict property nearby.  Blue trellis Garden China, India, Nepal, Indochina and Burma

Thunbergia mysorensis (Slipper Vine), An hardy climber with pendulous orange slipper shaped flowers. India Western Hedge

Trachelospermum asiaticum syn Jasminium asiaticum  it is a woody, evergreen climber with glossy, leathery leaves and strongly scented cream-coloured flowers in summerIt was first described by Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini in 1846. Bavarian physician and naturalist Siebold was able to set foot in Japan between 1823 and 1829, at a time when China and Japan. Back in Germany with his collections, he was assisted by Zuccarini, professor of botany at the University of Munich to describe under the name of Malouetia asiatica (1846).  North Border, Archway Rainforest corner

Trachelospermum jasminoides syn. Rhynchospermum jasminoides (Chinese star jasmine) Tough climber with milky latex if cut. Very fragrant star shaped flowers in spring. An old fashioned favourite. It is a native of Shanghai, where it was collected by Mr. Fortune, and introduced by him to the stoves of England by 1846. China.1.1875, 1A.1885, 7.1897, 14.1868 North Lawn Trellis

Tropaeolum tricolorum (tricolor) is one of the prettiest little spring flowering plants. It may have small flowers, however it does have lots of them and they are fascinating. Small trumpet shaped flowers red and purple with a pale lime green to yellow lip. Sometimes called the ‘Bolivian Nasturtium’ and yes they are related to the common garden type. These are a a climbing plant, that grow from small tubers. We grow them in a terracotta pot with a climbing frame attached. You could plant them out into the garden where they will scramble through other plants, however as the flowers are so fascinating we do like to have them on show. Tropaeolum tricolorum Care One of the main tricks to growing this wonderful little plant is to make sure it gets a dry summer. We put the pots away under cover when the plants have died back. Any cool dry position will do, ours are in the potting shed.

Wisteria sinensis Very strong growing deciduous woody climber that may be invasive and requires its own structure or standardization. We have the mauve flowering Wisteria. Other wisteria species and garden hybrids are available. China 1A.1885 (Wistaria chinensis, also var.alba) Wisteria Trellis